In the retina, the activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) reduces the toxic effect of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). We have induced NMDA-mediated excitotoxicity in the adult rat retina by a single intraocular injection of NMDA. The damage that resulted was estimated by assessing the NMDA-induced loss of retinal choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity. The new rigid glutamate analog, dimethyl ester of (+/-)-trans-azetidine-2, 4-dicarboxylic acid (t-DMADA), with a putative mGluR-agonistic activity, protected the retina from NMDA-induced loss of ChAT activity. This study demonstrated that t-DMADA can be considered a prototype of new retino-protective agents.
- Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)
- Metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)
- N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas