A cytomegalovirus DNA sequence containing tracts of tandemly repeated CA dinucleotides hybridizes to highly repetitive dispersed elements in mammalian cell genomes.

K. T. Jeang, Gary Selwyn Hayward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A single 880-base-pair region within the genome of simian cytomegalovirus strain Colburn contains sequences that hybridize intensely with both human and mouse total genome DNA probes. This sequence was also found in a second simian cytomegalovirus isolate and was retained in both plaque-purified virus subclones and in plasmid DNA clones containing the SalI P fragment. Cleaved genomic DNAs from several mammalian species all exhibited strong dispersed hybridization with the SalI-P probes, and over 70% of the lambda clones in a mouse genomic library plus several selected clones containing globin, 45S rDNA, or 5S rDNA genes all formed hybrids with SalI-P. The appropriate region of cytomegalovirus SalI-P contains relatively A + T-rich unique sequences interrupted by three stretches of the simple alternating dinucleotides, (CA)15, (CA)22, and (CA)21, which we show to be responsible for most of the cell-virus homology. We conclude that discrete, tandemly repeated (CA) dinucleotide tracts capable of forming left-handed Z-DNA helices punctuate mammalian genomes at greater than 10(5) copies per cell and that three adjacent copies of what appear to be a family of interspersed repetitive elements containing these (CA)n stretches are carried in the genomes of simian cytomegaloviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1389-1402
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume3
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Cytomegalovirus
Z-Form DNA
Genome
Clone Cells
Ribosomal DNA
Interspersed Repetitive Sequences
Viruses
Globins
Genomic Library
DNA
DNA Probes
Base Pairing
Plasmids
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "A cytomegalovirus DNA sequence containing tracts of tandemly repeated CA dinucleotides hybridizes to highly repetitive dispersed elements in mammalian cell genomes.",
abstract = "A single 880-base-pair region within the genome of simian cytomegalovirus strain Colburn contains sequences that hybridize intensely with both human and mouse total genome DNA probes. This sequence was also found in a second simian cytomegalovirus isolate and was retained in both plaque-purified virus subclones and in plasmid DNA clones containing the SalI P fragment. Cleaved genomic DNAs from several mammalian species all exhibited strong dispersed hybridization with the SalI-P probes, and over 70{\%} of the lambda clones in a mouse genomic library plus several selected clones containing globin, 45S rDNA, or 5S rDNA genes all formed hybrids with SalI-P. The appropriate region of cytomegalovirus SalI-P contains relatively A + T-rich unique sequences interrupted by three stretches of the simple alternating dinucleotides, (CA)15, (CA)22, and (CA)21, which we show to be responsible for most of the cell-virus homology. We conclude that discrete, tandemly repeated (CA) dinucleotide tracts capable of forming left-handed Z-DNA helices punctuate mammalian genomes at greater than 10(5) copies per cell and that three adjacent copies of what appear to be a family of interspersed repetitive elements containing these (CA)n stretches are carried in the genomes of simian cytomegaloviruses.",
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T1 - A cytomegalovirus DNA sequence containing tracts of tandemly repeated CA dinucleotides hybridizes to highly repetitive dispersed elements in mammalian cell genomes.

AU - Jeang, K. T.

AU - Hayward, Gary Selwyn

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N2 - A single 880-base-pair region within the genome of simian cytomegalovirus strain Colburn contains sequences that hybridize intensely with both human and mouse total genome DNA probes. This sequence was also found in a second simian cytomegalovirus isolate and was retained in both plaque-purified virus subclones and in plasmid DNA clones containing the SalI P fragment. Cleaved genomic DNAs from several mammalian species all exhibited strong dispersed hybridization with the SalI-P probes, and over 70% of the lambda clones in a mouse genomic library plus several selected clones containing globin, 45S rDNA, or 5S rDNA genes all formed hybrids with SalI-P. The appropriate region of cytomegalovirus SalI-P contains relatively A + T-rich unique sequences interrupted by three stretches of the simple alternating dinucleotides, (CA)15, (CA)22, and (CA)21, which we show to be responsible for most of the cell-virus homology. We conclude that discrete, tandemly repeated (CA) dinucleotide tracts capable of forming left-handed Z-DNA helices punctuate mammalian genomes at greater than 10(5) copies per cell and that three adjacent copies of what appear to be a family of interspersed repetitive elements containing these (CA)n stretches are carried in the genomes of simian cytomegaloviruses.

AB - A single 880-base-pair region within the genome of simian cytomegalovirus strain Colburn contains sequences that hybridize intensely with both human and mouse total genome DNA probes. This sequence was also found in a second simian cytomegalovirus isolate and was retained in both plaque-purified virus subclones and in plasmid DNA clones containing the SalI P fragment. Cleaved genomic DNAs from several mammalian species all exhibited strong dispersed hybridization with the SalI-P probes, and over 70% of the lambda clones in a mouse genomic library plus several selected clones containing globin, 45S rDNA, or 5S rDNA genes all formed hybrids with SalI-P. The appropriate region of cytomegalovirus SalI-P contains relatively A + T-rich unique sequences interrupted by three stretches of the simple alternating dinucleotides, (CA)15, (CA)22, and (CA)21, which we show to be responsible for most of the cell-virus homology. We conclude that discrete, tandemly repeated (CA) dinucleotide tracts capable of forming left-handed Z-DNA helices punctuate mammalian genomes at greater than 10(5) copies per cell and that three adjacent copies of what appear to be a family of interspersed repetitive elements containing these (CA)n stretches are carried in the genomes of simian cytomegaloviruses.

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