A cross-sectional study of patient and provider perception of “cure” as a goal of cancer surgery

Megan Winner, Ana Wilson, Alexander Yahanda, Yuhree Kim, Timothy M. Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objective: Patients with advanced cancer often misperceive the purpose and likely effectiveness of cancer treatments. The aim of this study was to characterize patient and provider perceptions in the setting of surgery for potentially curable cancer. Methods: One hundred and six patient-surgeon dyads were surveyed about their expectations for upcoming surgery. Items scored using a Likert scale were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: Patients and surgeons reported excellent communication and shared decision-making. Patients more often than surgeons perceived that surgery was “Likely” or “Very Likely” to cure their cancer (86.0% vs. 72.0%, P = 0.011), extend their lives (94.0% vs. 82.0%, P = 0.007), and relieve cancer-related symptoms (65.0% vs. 35.0%, P < 0.001). Patients less often felt that surgery would be associated with complications (33.0% vs. 48.0%, P = 0.016). Over half (53.9%) of patients believed that they were more likely to experience surgical cancer cure compared with someone else with the same diagnosis while 70.8% of surgeons declared a patient's relative chances of surgical cure “the same.”. Conclusions: Patients with resectable lung and gastrointestinal cancers have more optimistic perceptions about the outcomes of an upcoming surgery than their surgeons, even in a setting of good communication and shared decision-making. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:677–683.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-683
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume114
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • communication
  • neoplasm
  • patient care planning
  • surgical procedures, operative
  • treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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