A critical reappraisal of the oximetric assessment of intracardiac left- to-right shunting in adults

M. J. Pirwitz, J. E. Willard, C. Landau, L. D. Hillis, R. A. Lange

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the oximetric analysis of blood from the right heart chambers is the most commonly used method for assessing the presence of intracardiac left-to-right shunting, the data the analysis is based on are limited. In addition, uncertainty exists concerning the best way of estimating the mixed venous oxygen content in subjects with intraatrial left-to-right shunting. In 102 adults without left-to-right shunting, blood was obtained from the venae cavae and right heart chambers to measure oxygen content. The limits of normality of oxygen content differences were 0.5 ml/dl from venae cavae to right atrium, 0.6 ml/dl from right atrium to right ventricle, and 0.9 ml/dl from right ventricle to pulmonary artery. The pulmonary arterial oxygen content was best estimated by combining the superior and inferior vena caval oxygen contents according to the formula (2[SVC] + 3[IVC]) + 5, where SVC is the superior yens cars and IVC is the inferior venae cava. These data provide new oximetric criteria for establishing the presence of intracardiac left- to-right shunting in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-417
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume133
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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