A constrained optimization approach to virtual fixtures for multi-robot collaborative teleoperation

Tian Xia, Ankur Kapoor, Peter Kazanzides, Russell Taylor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents a constrained optimization framework that enables the implementation of multi-robot constraints, as virtual fixtures, to assist human operators, in a teleoperated scenario. The collaborative constraints guide the motion of multiple robots such that the spatial and temporal relationships are maintained between them, while following human input motion objectives. We demonstrate this control architecture for the task of manipulating a surgical knot to a target point. The teleoperation system uses four arms from a da Vinci Surgical System® (two master manipulators and two slave manipulators), with custom electronics and software. It extends previous work, which focused on a cooperatively controlled system where the motions of two robots were directly controlled by user-applied forces. Our current system enables us to effectively evaluate the accuracy of the knot positioning task and completion time in a clinically realistic setup for Minimally Invasive Surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIROS'11 - 2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Subtitle of host publicationCelebrating 50 Years of Robotics
Pages639-644
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Celebrating 50 Years of Robotics, IROS'11 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Sep 25 2011Sep 30 2011

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems

Other

Other2011 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: Celebrating 50 Years of Robotics, IROS'11
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period9/25/119/30/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications

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