Objectives: Transoral robotic thyroidectomy (TORT) is a new remote access approach to avoid cervical incision. The purpose of this study is to compare two approaches used to avoid cervical incision: transoral approach and bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) in robotic thyroidectomy. Methods: A total of 90 patients were enrolled prospectively between September 2016 and April 2017. The BABA group had 43 and the TORT group had 47 patients, respectively. Parameters including clinicopathologic data, operative time, complications, laboratory data, hospital stay, postoperative pain, and cosmetic satisfaction were analyzed. Results: Complications were not different among the two groups. The operative time of TORT was longer than BABA until 15 cases of TORT were completed, but there was no difference after that. The Visual Analogue Scale score in TORT was lower than BABA in all the periods. TORT showed a higher cosmetic satisfaction after surgery. There was no infection or permanent mental nerve hypoesthesia in TORT. Conclusion: Our study showed that TORT had less postoperative pain and a greater cosmetic satisfaction than the BABA. There were no significant differences in the postoperative surgical results between the two groups. TORT was comparable to the BABA in outcome with higher cosmetic satisfaction and less pain.
- bilateral axillo-breast approach
ASJC Scopus subject areas