A comparison of videolaryngoscopy using standard blades or non-standard blades in children in the Paediatric Difficult Intubation Registry

James Peyton, Raymond Park, Steven J. Staffa, Stefano Sabato, Thomas W. Templeton, Mary Lyn Stein, Annery G. Garcia-Marcinkiewicz, Edgar Kiss, John Edem Fiadjoe, Britta von Ungern-Sternberg, Franklin Chiao, Patrick Olomu, David Zurakowski, Pete G. Kovatsis, David Sommerfield, Chris Holmes, Niroop Ravula, Christine Jette, Sam Mireles, Clyde MatavaSimon Whyte, Eduardo Vega, Lei Yang, Piedad Echeverry-Marin, Carolina Perez-Pradilla, Elizabeth Starker, Jennifer Zieg, Judit Szolnoki, Angela Lee, Eugenie S Heitmiller, Mohamed Rehman, Allison Fernandez, Jonathan Meserve, Solmaletha Bhattacharya, Paul Reynolds, Ian Lewis, Bishr Haydar, Megan Therrian, Linare Sarmiento, Martina Richtsfeld, Kumar Belani, Sara Robertson, Kumar Sathyamoorthy, Charles Schrock, Jurgen de Graaff, Codruta Soneru, Neeta Singh, Brad Taicher, Pilar Castro, N. R. Riveros Perez, Paul Stricker, Justin L. Lockman, Jorge Galvez, Rebecca Isserman, Brian Struyk, Christopher Ward, Grace Hsu, Akira Nishisaki, Ramesh Kodavatiganti, Luis S. Ramos, Eric Scheu, Tally Goldfarb, Peter Szmuk, Ranu Jain, Maria Matuszczak, David Polaner, Agnes Hunyady, Adrian Bosenberg, See Tham, Daniel Low, Guelay B. Rosas, Lisa K. Lee, Ihab Iyah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The design of a videolaryngoscope blade may affect its efficacy. We classified videolaryngoscope blades as standard and non-standard shapes to compare their efficacy performing tracheal intubation in children enrolled in the Paediatric Difficult Intubation Registry. Methods: Cases entered in the Registry from March 2017 to January 2020 were analysed. We compared the success rates of initial and eventual tracheal intubation, complications, and technical difficulties between the two groups and by weight stratification. Results: Videolaryngoscopy was used in 1313 patients. Standard and non-standard blades were used in 529 and 740 patients, respectively. Both types were used in 44 patients. In children weighing <5 kg, standard blades had significantly greater success than non-standard blades at initial (51% vs 26%, P=0.002) and eventual (81% vs 58%, P=0.002) attempts at tracheal intubation. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, standard blades had 3-fold greater odds of success at initial tracheal intubations compared with non-standard blades (adjusted odds ratio 3.0, 95% confidence interval): 1.32–6.86, P=0.0009). Standard blades had 2.6-fold greater odds of success at eventual tracheal intubation compared with non-standard blades in children weighing <5 kg (adjusted odds ratio 2.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.08–6.25, P=0.033). There was no significant difference found in children weighing ≥5 kg. Conclusions: In infants weighing <5 kg, videolaryngoscopy with standard blades was associated with a significantly greater success rate than videolaryngoscopy with non-standard blades. Videolaryngoscopy with a standard blade is a sensible choice for tracheal intubation in children who weigh <5 kg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBritish journal of anaesthesia
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • airway
  • difficult intubation
  • infant
  • neonate
  • paediatric
  • videolaryngoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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