Purpose: Increased clearance of drugs, such as oral cyclosporine, that are CYP3A and/or ABCB1 (P-gp/MDR1) substrates was reported in African-American compared with Caucasian patients. We hypothesized that the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of docetaxel, an i.v. administered cytotoxic and substrate for CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1, would differ between African-American and Caucasian patients. Experimental Design: We investigated population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and the pharmacogenetics of CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1 in African-American and Caucasian cancer patients who received docetaxel 75 or 100 mg/m2 as a 1-h i.v. infusion. Plasma docetaxel concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Clinical toxicity and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) were monitored on days 8, 15, and 22 postadministration of docetaxel. Using a limited sampling strategy and nonlinear mixed-effects modeling, each patient's docetaxel clearance was estimated. Genotyping for known polymorphisms in CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1 was done. Results: We enrolled 109 patients: 40 African-Americans (26 males; 14 females), with a median age of 61 years (range, 29-73), and 69 Caucasians (43 males; 26 females), with a median age of 63 years (range, 38-81). There was no difference in the geometric mean docetaxel clearance between African-American patients [40.3 L/h; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 19.3-84.1] and Caucasian patients (41.8 L/h; 95% CI, 22.0-79.7; P = 0.6). We observed no difference between African-American and Caucasian patients in the percentage decrease in ANC nor were docetaxel pharmacokinetic parameters related to the genotypes studied. Conclusions: Docetaxel clearance and its associated myelosuppression were similar in African-American and Caucasian cancer patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research