A comparison of short-term changes in health-related quality of life in thyroid carcinoma patients undergoing diagnostic evaluation with recombinant human thyrotropin compared with thyroid hormone withdrawal

Pamela R. Schroeder, Bryan R. Haugen, Furio Pacini, Christoph Reiners, Martin Schlumberger, Steven I. Sherman, David S. Cooper, Kathryn G. Schuff, Lewis E. Braverman, Monica C. Skarulis, Terry F. Davies, Ernest L. Mazzaferri, Gilbert H. Daniels, Douglas S. Ross, Markus Luster, Mary H. Samuels, Bruce D. Weintraub, E. Chester Ridgway, Paul W. Ladenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Thyroid carcinoma requires lifelong monitoring with serum thyroglobulin, radioactive iodine whole body scanning, and other imaging modalities. Levothyroxine (L-T4) withdrawal for thyroglobulin measurement and whole body scanning increases these tests' sensitivities but causes hypothyroidism. Recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) enables testing without L-T4 withdrawal. Objective: Our objective was to examine the impact of short-term hypothyroidism on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients after rhTSH vs. L-T4 withdrawal. Design, Setting, and Patients: In this multicenter study, the SF-36 Health Survey was administered to 228 patients at three time points: on L-T4, after rhTSH, and after L-T4 withdrawal. Interventions: Interventions included administration of rhTSH on L-T4 and withdrawal from thyroid hormone. Main Outcome Measures: Mean SF-36 scores were compared during the two interventions and with the U.S. general population and patients with heart failure, depression, and migraine headache. Results: Patients had SF-36 scores at or above the norm for the general U.S. population in six of eight domains at baseline on L-T 4 and in seven of eight domains after rhTSH. Patients' scores declined significantly in all eight domains after L-T4 withdrawal when compared with the other two periods (P < 0.0001). Patients' HRQOL scores while on L-T4 and after rhTSH were at or above those for patients with heart failure, depression, and migraine in all eight domains. After L-T4 withdrawal, patients' HRQOL scores were significantly below congestive heart failure, depression, and migraine headache norms in six, three, and six of the eight domains, respectively. Conclusions: Short-term hypothyroidism after L-T4 withdrawal is associated with a significant decline in quality of life that is abrogated by rhTSH use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-884
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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    Schroeder, P. R., Haugen, B. R., Pacini, F., Reiners, C., Schlumberger, M., Sherman, S. I., Cooper, D. S., Schuff, K. G., Braverman, L. E., Skarulis, M. C., Davies, T. F., Mazzaferri, E. L., Daniels, G. H., Ross, D. S., Luster, M., Samuels, M. H., Weintraub, B. D., Ridgway, E. C., & Ladenson, P. W. (2006). A comparison of short-term changes in health-related quality of life in thyroid carcinoma patients undergoing diagnostic evaluation with recombinant human thyrotropin compared with thyroid hormone withdrawal. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 91(3), 878-884. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-2064