A Comparison of Self-Report and Audiometric Measures of Hearing and Their Associations with Functional Outcomes in Older Adults

Janet S. Choi, Joshua Francis Betz, Jennifer A Deal, Kevin J. Contrera, Dane J. Genther, David S. Chen, Fiona E. Gispen, Frank Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim was to investigate whether associations of hearing impairment (HI) with functional outcomes in older adults differ when using self-report versus pure-tone audiometry. Method: We examined 1,669 participants ≥70 years in National Health and Examination Survey from 2005-2006 and 2009-2010 whose hearing was assessed by self-report and pure-tone audiometry. We explored functional outcomes associated with audiometric HI (low physical activity, poor physical functioning, and hospitalization). Results: In adjusted models, we found significant associations of audiometric HI with both subjective and objective outcomes (e.g., dichotomous HI with self-reported difficulty in activities of daily living [ADLs], odds ratio [OR] = 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.05, 2.06], and low accelerometer-measured physical activity, OR = 2.19, 95% CI [1.11, 4.34]). In contrast, self-reported HI was only associated with subjective outcomes and not with objective outcomes (e.g., dichotomous HI with difficulty in ADLs, OR = 1.63, 95% CI [1.12, 2.38], and low accelerometer-measured physical activity, OR = 0.95, 95% CI [0.66, 1.35]). Discussion: Results using self-reported hearing should not be considered representative of results using audiometry and may provide distinct aspects of HI in older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)890-910
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • audiometry
  • hearing impairment
  • older adults
  • physical function
  • self-reported hearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care

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