A comparison of bleeding and transfusion in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting via sternotomy with and without cardiopulmonary bypass

Gregory A. Nuttall, Daniel T. Erchul, Tamara J. Haight, Stephen N. Ringhofer, Treva L. Miller, William C. Oliver, Kenton J. Zehr, Darrell R. Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether there is a difference between on-pump cardiopulmonary bypass (CABG) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) without heparin reversal with regard to bleeding, transfusion requirements, and incidence of surgical re-exploration of the mediastinum. Design: Retrospective chart review. Setting: A large academic medical center. Participants: Two hundred adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: One hundred CABG patients were compared with 100 OPCAB patients. Statistical significance was measured with P values of ≤0.05. The heparin was not reversed in the OPCAB patients. CABG patients received more intraoperative allogeneic red blood cells (median 250 mL v 0 mL, p = 0.002), intraoperative autotransfusion (IAT) (550 mL v 425 mL, p = 0.001), platelets (9% v 1%, p = 0.009), and less albumin (0 mL v 250 mL, p = 0.001) than OPCAB patients. Postoperatively, CABG patients were more likely to receive fresh-frozen plasma (19% v 8%, p = 0.03) and less likely to receive IAT than the OPCAB group. During the initial 4-hour postoperative period, OPCAB patients exhibited greater blood loss via chest tube (290 mL v 385 mL, p = 0.003); however, at 12 hours and 24 hours postoperatively, there was no statistical difference in blood loss between the 2 groups, There were no statistically significant differences in surgical re-exploration of the mediastinum between the CABG and OPCAB groups. Conclusion: Despite not reversing the heparin at the end of the OPCAB surgery, OPCAB surgery was associated with an overall reduction in allogeneic transfusion requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-451
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2003

Keywords

  • Bleeding
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB)
  • Surgical re-exploration
  • Transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A comparison of bleeding and transfusion in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting via sternotomy with and without cardiopulmonary bypass'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this