A comparative analysis of virtual reality head-mounted display systems

Arian Mehrfard, Javad Fotouhi, Giacomo Taylor, Tess Forster, Nassir Navab, Bernhard Fuerst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With recent advances of Virtual Reality (VR) technology, the deployment of such will dramatically increase in non-entertainment environments, such as professional education and training, manufacturing, service, or low frequency/high risk scenarios. Clinical education is an area that especially stands to benefit from VR technology due to the complexity, high cost, and difficult logistics. The effectiveness of the deployment of VR systems, is subject to factors that may not be necessarily considered for devices targeting the entertainment market. In this work, we systematically compare a wide range of VR Head-Mounted Displays (HMDs) technologies and designs by defining a new set of metrics that are 1) relevant to most generic VR solutions and 2) are of paramount importance for VR-based education and training. We evaluated ten HMDs based on various criteria, including neck strain, heat development, and color accuracy. Other metrics such as text readability, comfort, and contrast perception were evaluated in a multi-user study on three selected HMDs, namely Oculus Rift S, HTC Vive Pro and Samsung Odyssey+. Results indicate that the HTC Vive Pro performs best with regards to comfort, display quality and compatibility with glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Dec 5 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Enterprise VR use
  • Head-mounted display
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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