A comparative analysis was made of subchondral replacement with polymethylmethacrylate and autogeneic bone grafts in defects in the medial femoral condyles of dogs. The defect produced a 50% reduction in subchondral stiffness. An in vitro preparation helped establish that subchondral stiffness returned to normal after reconstruction with polymethylmethacrylate. The in vivo model demonstrated a reduction in subchondral stiffness in both groups at three weeks, but the bone grafted side returned to normal and the methylmethacrylate side recovered to 79% of the control at 12 weeks. There were no deleterious effects on the articular cartilage in either group when analyzed histologically and biochemically. A marked increase in new bone formation and subchondral porosity was found in the polymethylmethacrylate groups. This study supports the clinical use of subchondral polymethylmethacrylate after the exteriorization and curettage of benign bone tumors such as giant cell tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine