A case series: Exercise-induced esotropia

Joseph Y. Shin, Birgit Wahl, Neil R. Miller, Eric L. Singman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors present three patients with idiopathic exercise-induced esotropia. The history, physical findings, and testing that led to the diagnosis are discussed. To the authors' knowledge, this is the largest series of patients with this rare condition, with this series representing half of reported patients in the literature. It is hoped that a discussion of common features of the condition will guide further exploration of the etiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Orthoptic Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Diplopia
  • Exercise-induced esotropia
  • Full ductions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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