A case of local anesthetic toxicity that wasn't: lipid rescue from self-administered benzodiazepine overdose in labor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 32-year-old G2P1 woman presented for induction of labor at term. Her past medical history included polysubstance use disorder and methadone maintenance, scant prenatal care, morbid obesity, and intimate partner violence. Her induction was progressing smoothly until the acute onset of altered mental status near to the time of delivery, several minutes after a clinician-administered epidural local anesthetic bolus for significant pain. Given concern about local anesthetic systemic toxicity, lipid emulsion was administered and resulted in an immediate and drastic clinical response. The epidural infusion bag and pump system were evaluated and found to be correct and there was no clinical suspicion of an intravascular epidural catheter. The woman remained stable and was transferred to the postpartum unit, where she experienced a similar episode of altered mental status approximately 12 h postpartum. This episode self-resolved and she was managed conservatively. Shortly after this event, it was discovered that the patient had been self-administering benzodiazepines throughout the course of her labor, in addition to her hospital staff-administered medications. Presumably, her intrapartum altered mental status was a result of self-administered benzodiazepine that was then “rescued” with lipid emulsion. This case illustrates the potential for lipid emulsion as a reversal agent for medications other than local anesthetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-111
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Volume42
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Alprazolam
  • Benzodiazepine
  • Bupivacaine
  • Lipid rescue
  • Local anesthetic systemic toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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