A cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) safe metal braided catheter design for interventional CMR at 1.5 T: Freedom from radiofrequency induced heating and preserved mechanical performance

Korel D. Yildirim, Burcu Basar, A. E. Campbell-Washburn, Daniel Herzka, Ozgur Kocaturk, Robert J. Lederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: Catheter designs incorporating metallic braiding have high torque control and kink resistance compared with unbraided alternatives. However, metallic segments longer than a quarter wavelength (~ 12 cm for 1.5 T scanner) are prone to radiofrequency (RF) induced heating during cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) catheterization. We designed a braid-reinforced catheter with interrupted metallic segments to mitigate RF-induced heating yet retain expected mechanical properties for CMR catheterization. Methods: We constructed metal wire braided 6 Fr catheter shaft subassemblies using electrically insulated stainless-steel wires and off-the-shelf biocompatible polymers. The braiding was segmented, in-situ, using lasers to create non-resonant wire lengths. We compared the heating and mechanical performance of segmented- with un-segmented- metal braided catheter shaft subassemblies. Results: The braiding segmentation procedure did not significantly alter the structural integrity of catheter subassemblies, torque response, push-ability, or kink resistance compared with non-segmented controls. Segmentation shortened the electrical length of individually insulated metallic braids, and therefore inhibited resonance during CMR RF excitation. RF-induced heating was reduced below 2 °C under expected use conditions in vitro. Conclusion: We describe a simple modification to the manufacture of metallic braided catheters that will allow CMR catheterization without RF-induced heating under contemporary scanning conditions at 1.5 T. The proposed segmentation pattern largely preserves braid structure and mechanical integrity while interrupting electrical resonance. This inexpensive design may be applicable to both diagnostic and interventional catheters and will help to enable a range of interventional procedures using real time CMR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 7 2019
Externally publishedYes



  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Catheter engineering
  • Catheterization methods
  • CMR catheterization
  • Equipment design
  • Interventional MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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