A brief history of endoscopic spine surgery

Albert E. Telfeian, Anand Veeravagu, Adetokunbo A. Oyelese, Ziya L. Gokaslan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Few neurosurgeons practicing today have had training in the field of endoscopic spine surgery during residency or fellowship. Nevertheless, over the past 40 years individual spine surgeons from around the world have worked to create a subfield of minimally invasive spine surgery that takes the point of visualization away from the surgeon's eye or the lens of a microscope and puts it directly at the point of spine pathology. What follows is an attempt to describe the story of how endoscopic spine surgery developed and to credit some of those who have been the biggest contributors to its development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016


  • Endoscopic discectomy
  • Minimally invasive
  • Transforaminal approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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