A Bayesian framework for analyzing iEEG data from a rat model of epilepsy

Sabato Santaniello, David L. Sherman, Marek A. Mirski, Nitish V. Thakor, Sridevi V. Sarma

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The early detection of epileptic seizures requires computing relevant statistics from multivariate data and defining a robust decision strategy as a function of these statistics that accurately detects the transition from the normal to the peri-ictal (problematic) state. We model the afflicted brain as a hidden Markov model (HMM) with two hidden clinical states (normal and peri-ictal). The output of the HMM is a statistic computed from multivariate neural measurements. A Bayesian framework is developed to analyze the a posteriori conditional probability of being in peri-ictal state given current and past output measurements. We apply this method to multichannel intracortical EEGs (iEEGs) from the thalamo-cortical ictal pathway in an epilepsy rat model. We first define the output statistic as the max singular value of a connectivity matrix computed on the EEG channels with spectral techniques Then, we estimate the HMM transition probabilities from this statistic and track the a posteriori probability of being in peri-ictal state (the information state variable). We show how the information state variable changes as a function of time and we predict a seizure when this variable becomes greater than 0.5. This Bayesian strategy significantly improves over chance level and heuristically-chosen threshold-based predictors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011
Pages1435-1438
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 30 2011Sep 3 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2011
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period8/30/119/3/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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