7-T magnetic resonance imaging of the inner ear’s anatomy by using dual four-element radiofrequency coil arrays and the VIBE sequence

Kyoung Nam Kim, Phil Heo, Young Bo Kim, Gyu Cheol Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An ultra-high-field magnetic resonance (MR) scanner and a specially-optimized radiofrequency (RF) coil and sequence protocol are required to obtain high-resolution images of the inner ear that can noninvasively confirm pathologic diagnoses. In phantom studies, the MR signal distribution of the gradient echo MR images generated by using a customized RF coil was compared with that of a commercial volume coil. The MR signal intensity of the customized RF coil decreases rapidly from near the RF coil plane toward the exterior of the phantom. However, the signal sensitivity of this coil is superior on both sides of the phantom, corresponding to the petrous pyramid. In in-vivo 7-T MR imaging, a customized RF coil and a volumetric-interpolated breath-hold examination imaging sequence are employed for visualization of the inner ear’s structure. The entire membranous portion of the cochlear and the three semicircular canals, including the ductus reunions, oval window, and round window with associated nervous tissue, were clearly depicted with sufficient spatial coverage for adequate inspection of the surrounding anatomy. Developments from a new perspective to inner ear imaging using the 7-T modality could lead to further improved image sensitivity and, thus, enable ultra-structural MR imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-596
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 7 Tesla
  • Inner ear
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
  • RF (radiofrequency) coil
  • SNR (signal-to-noise ratio)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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