3D-Printing Technologies for Craniofacial Rehabilitation, Reconstruction, and Regeneration

Ethan L. Nyberg, Ashley L. Farris, Ben P. Hung, Miguel Dias, Juan R Garcia, Amir Dorafshar, Warren L Grayson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The treatment of craniofacial defects can present many challenges due to the variety of tissue-specific requirements and the complexity of anatomical structures in that region. 3D-printing technologies provide clinicians, engineers and scientists with the ability to create patient-specific solutions for craniofacial defects. Currently, there are three key strategies that utilize these technologies to restore both appearance and function to patients: rehabilitation, reconstruction and regeneration. In rehabilitation, 3D-printing can be used to create prostheses to replace or cover damaged tissues. Reconstruction, through plastic surgery, can also leverage 3D-printing technologies to create custom cutting guides, fixation devices, practice models and implanted medical devices to improve patient outcomes. Regeneration of tissue attempts to replace defects with biological materials. 3D-printing can be used to create either scaffolds or living, cellular constructs to signal tissue-forming cells to regenerate defect regions. By integrating these three approaches, 3D-printing technologies afford the opportunity to develop personalized treatment plans and design-driven manufacturing solutions to improve aesthetic and functional outcomes for patients with craniofacial defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 13 2016

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Keywords

  • 3D-printing
  • Craniofacial implants
  • Facial prosthetics
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Scaffolds
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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