3d phase contrast epi mr angiography of the carotid arteries

Simon Wildermuth, Jörg F. Debatin, Thierry A G M Huisman, Daniel A. Leung, Graeme C. McKinnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective: Our goal was to compare 3D phase contrast (PC) echo planar imaging (EPI) MRA of the carotid and vertebral arteries with conventional 3D PC in volunteers and patients. Materials and Methods: The carotid arteries of 12 volunteers were imaged with conventional and EPI 3D PC sequences. The visibility for each of seven carotid and four vertebral segments was qualitatively assessed. Signal intensity and homogeneity determinations were performed on the source images. Three patients with known carotid artery disease were also imaged with the same protocol. Results: EPI reduced 3D PC data acquisition time from 459 to 32 s (factor of 15). Both techniques permitted full assessment of the common carotid artery, the bifurcation, as well as the proximal internal carotid artery (ICA), external carotid artery (ECA), and vertebral arteries. Visualization of the distal ICA/ ECA and vertebral arteries was inferior with EPI compared with the conventional acquisition. In all patients, lesions as established by X-ray angiography were seen to equal advantage with both techniques. Conclusion: EPI 3D PC MRA renders diagnostic images of the proximal carotid system. The considerable reduction in data acquisition time must be weighed against poorer image quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)871-878
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Arteries, carotid
  • Arteries, vertebral
  • Magnetic resonance imaging, angiography (MRA)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging, techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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