1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the brain during adolescence: Normal brain development and neuropsychiatric disorders

Alena Horská, E. Mark Mahone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Adolescence, a transitional period between childhood and adulthood (12-18 years of age), is characterized by maturation of cognitive and behavioral abilities. Compared to brain development in perinatal and early childhood, neurobiological changes occurring during later childhood and adolescence are less dramatic but have critical importance for development of normal brain functions. The combinations of genetic vulnerability, endocrine changes during puberty, and environmental factors render adolescents at risk for developing psychiatric disorders. In the developed world, mental and addictive disorders can be considered the primary chronic diseases of childhood and adolescence. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are associated with childhood. The onset of mood and anxiety disorders generally occurs in adolescence, although the diagnoses may be delayed until adulthood. Many psychiatric disorders that emerge in childhood and adolescence can be understood as dysfunctions within established brain circuits. Therefore, an understanding of normal development of the brain and its circuitry is important for both identifying the causes of psychiatric disorders and for development of effective treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMR Spectroscopy of Pediatric Brain Disorders
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages193-212
Number of pages20
Volume9781441958648
ISBN (Electronic)9781441958648
ISBN (Print)1441958630, 9781441958631
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Horská, A., & Mahone, E. M. (2013). 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the brain during adolescence: Normal brain development and neuropsychiatric disorders. In MR Spectroscopy of Pediatric Brain Disorders (Vol. 9781441958648, pp. 193-212). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5864-8_16