Lipoxins are endogenous lipoxygenase-derived eicosanoids, generated during inflammatory, hypersensitivity, and vascular events, that display vasodilatory, antiinflammatory, and pro-resolution activity. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of 15-epi-16-(para-fluorophenoxy)-lipoxin A4-methyl ester (15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA4-Me), a stable synthetic analogue of aspirin-triggered 15-epi-lipoxin A4 in ischemic acute renal failure (ARF) in NIH Swiss mice. ARF was induced by 30-min crossclamping of renal pedicles and was associated with elevated serum creatinine, morphologic injury, polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) recruitment, and increased mRNA levels for adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1] and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1]), chemokines (growth regulated oncogene-1 [GRO1]), and cytokines (interleukin-1β [IL-1β] and IL-6) after 24-h reperfusion. A single bolus of 15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA4-Me afforded striking functional (mean ± SEM creatinine in mg/dl: sham-operated, 0.77 ± 0.04; ARF + vehicle, 2.49 ± 0.19; ARF + 15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA4-Me, 0.75 ± 0.12; P < 0.001) and morphologic protection and reduced PMN infiltration. Treatment with 15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA4-Me was also associated with lower IL-1β, IL-6, and GRO1 mRNA levels, whereas ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 mRNA levels were unchanged. Compatible with these results, LXA4 blunted chemoattractant-stimulated PMN migration across HK-2 renal epithelial cell mono-layers in vitro, but it did not inhibit cytokine-induced HK-2 ICAM-1 expression or adhesiveness for PMN. Interestingly 15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA4-Me-treated animals also displayed increased renal mRNA levels for suppressors of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) and SOCS-2, but not CIS-1, endogenous inhibitors of cytokine-elicited Jak/Stat-signaling pathways. These results indicate that 15-epi-16-(FPhO)-LXA4-Me is protective in renal ischemia reperfusion injury in vivo, at least partially by modulating cytokine and chemokine expression and PMN recruitment, and provides a rationale for further exploration of the efficacy of LXA4 structural analogues in ischemic ARF and other renal diseases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - 2002|
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