14-3-3σ is required to prevent mitotic catastrophe after DNA damage

Timothy A. Chan, Heiko Hermeking, Christoph Lengauer, Kenneth W Kinzler, Bert Vogelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

14-3-3σ is a member of a family of proteins that regulate cellular activity by binding and sequestering phosphorylated proteins. It has been suggested that 14-3-3σ promotes pre-mitotic cell-cycle arrest following DNA damage, and that its expression can be controlled by the p53 turnout suppressor gene1. Here we describe an improved approach to the generation of human somatic-cell knockouts, which we have used to generate human colorectal cancer cells in which both 14-3-3σ alleles are inactivated. After DNA damage, these cells initially arrested in the G2 phase of the cell cycle, but, unlike cells containing 14-3-3σ, the 14-3-3σ(-/-) cells were unable to maintain cell-cycle arrest. The 14-3-3σ(-/-) cells died ('mitotic catastrophe') as they entered mitosis. This process was associated with a failure of the 14-3-3σ-deficient cells to sequester the proteins (cyclin B1 and cdc2) that initiate mitosis and prevent them from entering the nucleus. These results may indicate a mechanism for maintaining the G2 checkpoint and preventing mitotic death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-620
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume401
Issue number6753
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 7 1999

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DNA Damage
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Mitosis
M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Cyclin B1
Proteins
G2 Phase
Colorectal Neoplasms
Cell Cycle
Alleles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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14-3-3σ is required to prevent mitotic catastrophe after DNA damage. / Chan, Timothy A.; Hermeking, Heiko; Lengauer, Christoph; Kinzler, Kenneth W; Vogelstein, Bert.

In: Nature, Vol. 401, No. 6753, 07.10.1999, p. 616-620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chan, Timothy A. ; Hermeking, Heiko ; Lengauer, Christoph ; Kinzler, Kenneth W ; Vogelstein, Bert. / 14-3-3σ is required to prevent mitotic catastrophe after DNA damage. In: Nature. 1999 ; Vol. 401, No. 6753. pp. 616-620.
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