HSP70, a stress response protein, is known to be a determinant of cell death and cell transformation. We show that different isoforms of p63 have different transcriptional activities on hsp70 genes. ΔNp63α, an abundantly expressed isoform of p63, activates (in vitro and in vivo), whereas TAp63γ down-regulates the expression of hsp70. We further show that the transactivation domain at the NH2 terminus of p63 represses, whereas the COOH terminus activates hsp70 transcription. In addition, ΔNp63α regulates transcription of the hsp70 gene through its interaction with the CCAAT binding factor and NF-Y transcription factors which are known to form a complex with the CCAAT box located in the hsp70 promoter. Moreover, ΔNp63α expression correlates with HSP70 expression in all head and neck cancer cell lines. Finally, we show colocalization of ΔNp63α and HSP70 in the epithelium and coexpression of both proteins in 41 primary head and neck cancers. Our study provides strong evidence for the physiologic association between ΔNp63α and hsp70 in human cancer, thus further supporting the oncogenic potential of ΔNp63α.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research