We have previously reported (Hensley et al., Proc Natl. Acad. Sci USA (1994) in press) that β-amyloid peptide fragments in aqueous media, in a metal-independent reaction, produce reactive peptide free radicals and reactive oxygen species. In contrast to the hours or days necessary to produce neurotoxicity and a detectable free radical for β-amyloid, the extremely neurotoxic Aβ(25-35) fragment of β-amyloid peptide produces a detectable radical in minutes. We now report that Aβ(25-35) is a potent lipoperoxidation initiator, as inferred from peptide-mediated reduction of nitroxyl stearate spin labels bound to rodent neocortical synaptosomal membranes. Aβ(25-35) rapidly quenches the paramagnetism of membrane-bound 12-nitroxyl stearate spin probe deep within the lipid bilayer, but reacts poorly with the 5-nitroxyl isomer whose paramagnetic center is near the lipid/water interface. Aβ(35-25), the non-neurotoxic reverse sequence of Aβ(25-35), shows little proclivity to reduce either spin label. These findings are formulated into a "molecular shrapnel" model of neuronal membrane damage in Alzheimer′s disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Apr 30 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology