Stuart Campbell Ray

Professor

1990 …2019
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Research Output 1990 2019

2009

Identification of ongoing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in residual viremia during recombinant HIV-1 poxvirus immunizations in patients with clinically undetectable viral loads on durable suppressive highly active antiretroviral therapy

Shiu, C., Cunningham, C. K., Greenough, T., Muresan, P., Sanchez-Merino, V., Carey, V., Jackson, J. B., Ziemniak, C., Fox, L., Belzer, M., Ray, S. C., Luzuriaga, K. & Persaud, D., Oct 2009, In : Journal of Virology. 83, 19, p. 9731-9742 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poxviridae
Viremia
viremia
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Virus Replication

Kupffer cells are depleted with HIV immunodeficiency and partially recovered with antiretroviral immune reconstitution

Balagopal, A., Ray, S. C., De Oca, R. M., Sutcliffe, C., Vivekanandan, P., Higgins, Y., Mehta, S. H., Moore, R. D., Sulkowski, M., Thomas, D. L. & Torbenson, M. S., Nov 2009, In : AIDS. 23, 18, p. 2397-2404 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kupffer Cells
HIV
Cell Count
Liver
CD4 Lymphocyte Count

Selection Pressure From Neutralizing Antibodies Drives Sequence Evolution During Acute Infection With Hepatitis C Virus

Dowd, K. A., Netski, D. M., Wang, X. H., Cox, A. & Ray, S. C., Jun 2009, In : Gastroenterology. 136, 7, p. 2377-2386 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neutralizing Antibodies
Hepacivirus
Pressure
Infection
Amino Acid Substitution
2008

Acute hepatitis C

Maheshwari, A., Ray, S. C. & Thuluvath, P. J., 2008, In : The Lancet. 372, 9635, p. 321-332 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C
Hepacivirus
Antiviral Agents
RNA
Hepatitis C Antibodies

Analyses of HIV-1 drug-resistance profiles among infected adolescents experiencing delayed antiretroviral treatment switch after initial nonsuppressive highly active antiretroviral therapy

Agwu, A. L., Lindsey, J. C., Ferguson, K., Zhang, H., Spector, S., Rudy, B. J., Ray, S. C., Douglas, S. D., Flynn, P. M. & Persaud, D., Jul 1 2008, In : AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 22, 7, p. 545-552 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Drug Resistance
HIV-1
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
HLA Antigens
Viral Load
HIV-1
T-Lymphocytes
Virus Replication

Comprehensive genetic and epigenetic analysis of occult hepatitis B from liver tissue samples

Vivekanandan, P., Kannangai, R., Ray, S. C., Thomas, D. L. & Torbenson, M., Apr 15 2008, In : Clinical Infectious Diseases. 46, 8, p. 1227-1236 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B virus
Epigenomics
Liver
Virus Diseases

Genetic divergence of hepatitis C virus: The role of HIV-related immunosuppression

Netski, D. M., Mao, Q., Ray, S. C. & Klein, R. S., Oct 2008, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 49, 2, p. 136-141 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepacivirus
Immunosuppression
HIV
Virus Diseases
Nucleotides

Hepatitis C virus immune escape via exploitation of a hole in the T cell repertoire

Wölfl, M., Rutebemberwa, A., Mosbruger, T., Mao, Q., Li, H. M., Netski, D., Ray, S. C., Pardoll, A. M., Sidney, J., Sette, A., Allen, T., Kuntzen, T., Kavanagh, D. G., Kuball, J., Greenberg, P. D. & Cox, A., Nov 1 2008, In : Journal of Immunology. 181, 9, p. 6435-6446 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepacivirus
T-Lymphocytes
Virus Diseases
Epitopes
T-Lymphocyte Epitopes

High-programmed death-1 levels on hepatitis C virus-specific T cells during acute infection are associated with viral persistence and require preservation of cognate antigen during chronic infection

Rutebemberwa, A., Ray, S. C., Astemborski, J., Levine, J., Liu, L., Dowd, K. A., Clute, S., Wang, C., Korman, A., Sette, A., Sidney, J., Pardoll, A. M. & Cox, A., Dec 15 2008, In : Journal of Immunology. 181, 12, p. 8215-8225 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepacivirus
T-Lymphocytes
Antigens
Infection
Virus Diseases

Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Microbial Translocation and Progression of Hepatitis C

Balagopal, A., Philp, F. H., Astemborski, J., Block, T. M., Mehta, A., Long, R., Kirk, G. D., Mehta, S. H., Cox, A., Thomas, D. L. & Ray, S. C., Jul 2008, In : Gastroenterology. 135, 1, p. 226-233 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C
HIV
Liver Diseases
Lipopolysaccharides
Virus Diseases

Maternal neutralizing antibody and transmission of hepatitis C virus to infants

Dowd, K. A., Hershow, R. C., Yawetz, S., LaRussa, P., Diaz, C., Landesman, S. H., Paul, M. E., Read, J. S., Lu, M., Thomas, D. L., Netski, D. M. & Ray, S. C., Dec 1 2008, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 198, 11, p. 1651-1655 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neutralizing Antibodies
Hepacivirus
Mothers
Pyridinolcarbamate
Aptitude

Severe pruritus after completing pegylated interferon for hepatitis C

Ray, S. C. & Hoffmann, C., Jul 1 2008, In : AIDS Reader. 18, 11

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Severity of Illness Index
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
Ribavirin
Pruritus
Hepatitis C

Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 from a patient who developed AIDS to an elite suppressor

Bailey, J., O'Connell, K., Yang, H. C., Han, Y., Xu, J., Jilek, B., Williams, T. M., Ray, S. C., Siliciano, R. F. & Blankson, J. N., Aug 2008, In : Journal of Virology. 82, 15, p. 7395-7410 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Human immunodeficiency virus 1
HIV-1
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
T-Lymphocytes
T-lymphocytes
2007

Early archiving and predominance of nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-resistant HIV-1 among recently infected infants born in the United States

Persaud, D., Palumbo, P., Ziemniak, C., Chen, J., Ray, S. C., Hughes, M., Havens, P., Purswani, M., Gaur, A. H. & Chadwick, E. G., May 15 2007, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 195, 10, p. 1402-1410 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
HIV-1
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Chemoprevention
Mothers

Progression of fibrosis during chronic hepatitis C is associated with rapid virus evolution

Wang, X. H., Netski, D. M., Astemborski, J., Mehta, S. H., Torbenson, M. S., Thomas, D. L. & Ray, S. C., Jun 2007, In : Journal of Virology. 81, 12, p. 6513-6522 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

chronic hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus
Chronic Hepatitis C
fibrosis
liver cirrhosis

Slow human immunodeficiency virus type 1 evolution in viral reservoirs in infants treated with effective antiretroviral therapy

Persaud, D., Ray, S. C., Kajdas, J., Ahonkhai, A., Siberry, G. K., Ferguson, K., Ziemniak, C., Quinn, T. C., Casazza, J. P., Zeichner, S., Gange, S. J. & Watson, D. C., Mar 2007, In : AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. 23, 3, p. 381-390 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HIV-1
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Therapeutics
Virus Latency
T-Lymphocytes
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Neutralizing Antibodies
neutralizing antibodies
HIV-1

Residual human immunodeficiency virus type 1 viremia in some patients on antiretroviral therapy is dominated by a small number of invariant clones rarely found in circulating CD4+ T cells

Bailey, J., Sedaghat, A. R., Kieffer, T., Brennan, T., Lee, P. K., Wind-Rotolo, M., Haggerty, C. M., Kamireddi, A. R., Liu, Y., Lee, J., Persaud, D., Gallant, J. E., Cofrancesco, J., Quinn, T. C., Wilke, C. O., Ray, S. C., Siliciano, J. M., Nettles, R. E. & Siliciano, R. F., Jul 2006, In : Journal of Virology. 80, 13, p. 6441-6457 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Viremia
viremia
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
HIV-1
Clone Cells
2005

A novel assay allows genotyping of the latent reservoir for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in the resting CD4+ T cells of viremic patients

Monie, D., Simmons, R. P., Nettles, R. E., Kieffer, T. L., Zhou, Y., Zhang, H., Karmon, S., Ingersoll, R., Chadwick, K., Zhang, H., Margolick, J. B., Quinn, T. C., Ray, S. C., Wind-Rotolo, M., Miller, M., Persaud, D. & Siliciano, R. F., Apr 2005, In : Journal of Virology. 79, 8, p. 5185-5202 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Human immunodeficiency virus 1
genotyping
HIV-1
T-lymphocytes
T-Lymphocytes

Cellular immune selection with hepatitis C virus persistence in humans

Cox, A., Mosbruger, T., Mao, Q., Liu, Z., Wang, X. H., Yang, H. C., Sidney, J., Sette, A., Pardoll, A. M., Thomas, D. L. & Ray, S. C., Jun 6 2005, In : Journal of Experimental Medicine. 201, 11, p. 1741-1752 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

T-Lymphocyte Epitopes
Hepacivirus
Viremia
T-Lymphocytes
Epitopes

Comprehensive analyses of CD8+ T cell responses during longitudinal study of acute human hepatitis C

Cox, A., Mosbruger, T., Lauer, G. M., Pardoll, A. M., Thomas, D. L. & Ray, S. C., Jul 2005, In : Hepatology. 42, 1, p. 104-112 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C
Longitudinal Studies
T-Lymphocytes
Hepacivirus
Viremia

Divergent and convergent evolution after a common-source outbreak of hepatitis C virus

Ray, S. C., Fanning, L., Wang, X. H., Netski, D. M., Kenny-Walsh, E. & Thomas, D. L., Jun 6 2005, In : Journal of Experimental Medicine. 201, 11, p. 1753-1759 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepacivirus
Disease Outbreaks
Epitopes
Alleles
Viruses

G→A hypermutation in protease and reverse transcriptase regions of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 residing in resting CD4+ T cells in vivo

Kieffer, T. L., Kwon, P., Nettles, R. E., Han, Y., Ray, S. C. & Siliciano, R. F., Feb 2005, In : Journal of Virology. 79, 3, p. 1975-1980 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

RNA-directed DNA polymerase
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
HIV-1
Peptide Hydrolases
proteinases

Humoral immune response in acute hepatitis C virus infection

Netski, D. M., Mosbruger, T., Depla, E., Maertens, G., Ray, S. C., Hamilton, R. G., Roundtree, S., Thomas, D. L., McKeating, J. & Cox, A., Sep 1 2005, In : Clinical Infectious Diseases. 41, 5, p. 667-675 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Virus Diseases
Humoral Immunity
Hepacivirus
Antibody Formation
Neutralizing Antibodies

Immune evasion by hepatitis C virus NS3/4A protease-mediated cleavage of the Toll-like receptor 3 adaptor protein TRIF

Li, K., Foy, E., Ferreon, J. C., Nakamura, M., Ferreon, A. C. M., Ikeda, M., Ray, S. C., Gale, M. & Lemon, S. M., Feb 22 2005, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 102, 8, p. 2992-2997 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Toll-Like Receptor 3
Immune Evasion
Interferon Regulatory Factor-3
Viruses
Viral Interference

Intermittent HIV-1 viremia (blips) and drug resistance in patients receiving HAART

Nettles, R. E., Kieffer, T. L., Kwon, P., Monie, D., Han, Y., Parsons, T., Cofrancesco, J., Gallant, J. E., Quinn, T. C., Jackson, B., Flexner, C. W., Carson, K. A., Ray, S. C., Persaud, D. & Siliciano, R. F., Feb 16 2005, In : Journal of the American Medical Association. 293, 7, p. 817-829 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Viremia
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Drug Resistance
HIV-1
RNA

Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 subtypes in southern China

Laeyendecker, O. B., Guang, W. Z., Quinn, T. C., Garten, R., Ray, S. C., Lai, S., Liu, W., Chen, J. & Yu, X. F., Mar 1 2005, In : Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 38, 3, p. 356-362 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Molecular Epidemiology
HIV-1
China
Drug Users
Founder Effect

Prospective evaluation of community-acquired acute-phase hepatitis C virus infection

Cox, A., Netski, D. M., Mosbruger, T., Sherman, S., Strathdee, S., Ompad, D., Vlahov, D., Chien, D., Shyamala, V., Ray, S. C. & Thomas, D. L., Apr 1 2005, In : Clinical Infectious Diseases. 40, 7, p. 951-958 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Virus Diseases
Hepacivirus
Viremia
RNA
Drug Users
2004

Accurate representation of the hepatitis C virus quasispecies in 5.2-kilobase amplicons

Liu, Z., Netski, D. M., Mao, Q., Laeyendecker, O. B., Ticehurst, J. R., Wang, X. H., Thomas, D. L. & Ray, S. C., Sep 2004, In : Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 42, 9, p. 4223-4229 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepacivirus
Single-Stranded Conformational Polymorphism
Viral Genome
Viral RNA
Virus Diseases

Continued Production of Drug-Sensitive Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 in Children on Combination Antiretroviral Therapy Who Have Undetectable Viral Loads

Persaud, D., Siberry, G. K., Ahonkhai, A., Kajdas, J., Monie, D., Hutton, N., Watson, D. C., Quinn, T. C., Ray, S. C. & Siliciano, R. F., Jan 2004, In : Journal of Virology. 78, 2, p. 968-979 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Viremia
viremia
viral load
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Viral Load

Cross-Genotype Immunity to Hepatitis C Virus

Lanford, R. E., Guerra, B., Chavez, D., Bigger, C., Brasky, K. M., Wang, X. H., Ray, S. C. & Thomas, D. L., Feb 2004, In : Journal of Virology. 78, 3, p. 1575-1581 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C virus
Hepacivirus
Immunity
immunity
Genotype

Genotypic analysis of HIV-1 drug resistance at the limit of detection: Virus production without evolution in treated adults with undetectable HIV loads

Kieffer, T. L., Finucane, M. M., Nettles, R. E., Quinn, T. C., Broman, K. W., Ray, S. C., Persaud, D. & Siliciano, R. F., Apr 15 2004, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 189, 8, p. 1452-1465 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Drug Resistance
Limit of Detection
HIV-1
HIV
2003

Characterization of novel recombinant HIV-1 genomes using the branching index

Wilbe, K., Salminen, M., Laukkanen, T., McCutchan, F., Ray, S. C., Albert, J. & Leitner, T., Nov 10 2003, In : Virology. 316, 1, p. 116-125 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HIV-1
Genome
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Uganda
Genetic Recombination
2002

Needlestick transmission of hepatitis C

Sulkowski, M., Ray, S. C. & Thomas, D. L., May 8 2002, In : Journal of the American Medical Association. 287, 18, p. 2406-2413 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Needlestick Injuries
Hepatitis C
Hepacivirus
Virus Diseases
Delivery of Health Care

Occupational transmission of hepatitis C virus [1] (multiple letters)

Jagger, J., Puro, V., De Carli, G., Lunsk, A. J., Sulkowsky, M. S., Ray, S. C. & Thomas, D. L., Sep 25 2002, In : Journal of the American Medical Association. 288, 12, p. 1469-1471 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Human immunodeficiency virus 1
HIV-1
Pediatrics
Viruses
drugs

Protection against persistence of hepatitis C

Mehta, S. H., Cox, A., Hoover, D. R., Wang, X. H., Mao, Q., Ray, S. C., Strathdee, S. A., Vlahov, D. & Thomas, D. L., Apr 27 2002, In : The Lancet. 359, 9316, p. 1478-1483 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C
Hepacivirus
Virus Diseases
Viremia
HIV-1
2001

Determinants of viral clearance and persistence during acute hepatitis C virus infection

Thimme, R., Oldach, D., Chang, K. M., Steiger, C., Ray, S. C. & Chisari, F. V., Nov 19 2001, In : Journal of Experimental Medicine. 194, 10, p. 1395-1406 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Virus Diseases
Hepacivirus
T-Lymphocytes
Viremia
Hepatitis

Dynamics of SEN Virus Infection among Injection Drug Users

Wilson, L. E., Umemura, T., Astemborski, J., Ray, S. C., Alter, H. J., Strathdee, S. A., Vlahov, D. & Thomas, D. L., Nov 15 2001, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 184, 10, p. 1315-1319 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Torque teno virus
Virus Diseases
Drug Users
Injections
Baltimore

HIV-1 drug resistance profiles in children and adults with viral load of

Hermankova, M., Ray, S. C., Ruff, C., Powell-Davis, M., Ingersoll, R., D'Aquila, R. T., Quinn, T. C., Siliciano, J. M., Siliciano, R. F. & Persaud, D., 2001, In : Journal of the American Medical Association. 286, 2, p. 196-207 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Viral Load
Drug Resistance
Viremia
HIV-1

Human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion and evolution of the hepatitis C virus quasispecies

Mao, Q., Ray, S. C., Laeyendecker, O. B., Ticehurst, J. R., Strathdee, S. A., Vlahov, D. & Thomas, D. L., 2001, In : Journal of Virology. 75, 7, p. 3259-3267 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C virus
Human immunodeficiency virus
seroconversion
Hepacivirus
HIV
2000

A stable latent reservoir for HIV-1 in resting CD4+ T lymphocytes in infected children

Persaud, D., Pierson, T., Ruff, C., Finzi, D., Chadwick, K. R., Margolick, J. B., Ruff, A. J., Hutton, N., Ray, S. C. & Siliciano, R. F., Apr 2000, In : Journal of Clinical Investigation. 105, 7, p. 995-1003 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HIV-1
T-Lymphocytes
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Recycling
Drug Resistance

Determinants of the quantity of hepatitis C virus RNA

Thomas, D. L., Astemborski, J., Vlahov, D., Strathdee, S. A., Ray, S. C., Nelson, K. E., Galai, N., Nolt, K. R., Laeyendecker, O. B. & Todd, J. A., 2000, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181, 3, p. 844-851 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepacivirus
RNA
HIV
Virus Diseases
Injections

Genetic epidemiology of hepatitis C virus throughout Egypt

Ray, S. C., Arthur, R. R., Carella, A., Bukh, J. & Thomas, D. L., 2000, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 182, 3, p. 698-707 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Molecular Epidemiology
Egypt
Hepacivirus
Genotype
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms

Hypervariable region 1 sequence stability during hepatitis C virus replication in chimpanzees

Ray, S. C., Mao, Q., Lanford, R. E., Bassett, S., Laeyendecker, O. B., Wang, Y. M. & Thomas, D. L., 2000, In : Journal of Virology. 74, 7, p. 3058-3066 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hepatitis C virus
Pan troglodytes
Virus Replication
virus replication
Hepacivirus
Papillomaviridae
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Human Herpesvirus 8
Virus Diseases
Cytomegalovirus

Sex and the genetic diversity of HIV-1

Ray, S. C. & Quinn, T. C., Jan 2000, In : Nature Medicine. 6, 1, p. 23-25 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sex Characteristics
HIV Infections
HIV-1
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome