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Research Output 1976 2019

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Article
2003

Simultaneous Weekly Supplementation of Iron and Zinc Is Associated with Lower Morbidity Due to Diarrhea and Acute Lower Respiratory Infection in Bangladeshi Infants

Baqui, A., Zaman, K., Persson, L. A., El Arifeen, S., Yunus, M., Begum, N. & Black, R. E., Dec 2003, In : Journal of Nutrition. 133, 12, p. 4150-4157 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Respiratory Tract Infections
morbidity
Zinc
Diarrhea
diarrhea

Supplementation with Zinc, but not vitamin A, improves seroconversion to vibriocidal antibody in children given an oral cholera vaccine

Albert, M. J., Qadri, F., Wahed, M. A., Ahmed, T., Rahman, A. S. M. H., Ahmed, F., Bhuiyan, N. A., Zaman, K., Baqui, A., Clemens, J. D. & Black, R. E., Mar 15 2003, In : Journal of Infectious Diseases. 187, 6, p. 909-913 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cholera Vaccines
Vitamin A
Zinc
Antibodies
Placebos

The need for maternal zinc supplementation in developing countries: An unresolved issue

Osendarp, S. J. M., West, C. E. & Black, R. E., Mar 1 2003, In : Journal of Nutrition. 133, 3

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Developing Countries
Zinc
developing countries
zinc
Mothers

Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?

Black, R. E., Morris, S. S. & Bryce, J., Jun 28 2003, In : The Lancet. 361, 9376, p. 2226-2234 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cause of Death
Epidemiology
Malnutrition
Communicable Diseases
Diarrhea

Zinc deficiency, infectious disease and mortality in the developing world

Black, R. E., May 1 2003, In : Journal of Nutrition. 133, 5 SUPPL. 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Deficiency Diseases
infectious diseases
Communicable Diseases
Zinc
zinc
2002

Children's fluid intake during diarrhoea: A comparison of questionnaire responses with data from observations

Zaman, K., Sack, D. A., Chakraborty, J., Yunus, M., Baqui, A. & Black, R. E., 2002, In : Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics. 91, 4, p. 376-382 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diarrhea
Breast Feeding
Human Milk
Surveys and Questionnaires
Observation

Effect of zinc supplementation between 1 and 6 mo of life on growth and morbidity of Bangladeshi infants in urban slums

Osendarp, S. J. M., Santosham, M., Black, R. E., Wahed, M. A., Van Raaij, J. M. A. & Fuchs, G. J., Dec 1 2002, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 76, 6, p. 1401-1408 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poverty Areas
morbidity
Zinc
zinc
Morbidity

Effect of zinc supplementation started during diarrhoea on morbidity and mortality in Bangladeshi children: Community randomised trial

Baqui, A., Black, R. E., El Arifeen, S., Yunus, M., Chakraborty, J., Ahmed, S. & Vaughan, J. P., Nov 9 2002, In : BMJ (Online). 325, 7372, p. 1059-1062 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Diarrhea
Morbidity
Mortality
Respiratory Tract Infections

Effects of nutritional status on diarrhea in Peruvian children

Checkley, W., Gilman, R. H., Black, R. E., Lescano, A. G., Cabrera, L., Taylor, D. N. & Moulton, L. H., 2002, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 140, 2, p. 210-218 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nutritional Status
Diarrhea

Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis and cryptosporidiosis in peruvian children

Bern, C., Ortega, Y., Checkley, W., Roberts, J. M., Lescano, A. G., Cabrera, L., Verastegui, M., Black, R. E., Sterling, C. & Gilman, R. H., 2002, In : Emerging Infectious Diseases. 8, 6, p. 581-585 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cyclosporiasis
Cryptosporidiosis
Diarrhea
Toilet Facilities
Peru

Impact of topical oils on the skin barrier: Possible implications for neonatal health in developing countries

Darmstadt, G. L., Mao-Qiang, M., Chi, E., Saha, S. K., Ziboh, V. A., Black, R. E., Santosham, M. & Elias, P. M., 2002, In : Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics. 91, 5, p. 546-554 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Developing Countries
Oils
Skin
Plant Oils
Newborn Infant

Modifications in flow cytometric estimation of T cell subsets and B cells in peripheral blood to reduce the cost of investigation

Jalla, S., Sazawal, S., Deb, S., Black, R. E. & Bhan, M. K., 2002, In : Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. 17, 1, p. 69-74 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

T-cells
T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Set theory
Blood
B-Lymphocytes

Optimal duration of exclusive breast feeding in low income countries

Black, R. E. & Victora, C. G., Nov 30 2002, In : BMJ (Online). 325, 7375, p. 1252-1253 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Age Factors
Poverty
Weaning
Breast Feeding
Developing Countries
Infant Mortality
Developing Countries
Morbidity
Research
Birth Injuries

The emerging roles of zinc in infant nutrition, development, and infectious diseases: part 2

Black, R. E. & Miguel, S. G., Jan 1 2002, In : Nutrition Today. 37, 2, p. 437S

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Child Development
Communicable Diseases
Zinc

The emerging roles of zinc in infant nutrition, development, and infectious diseases: part 2

Black, R. E. & Miguel, S. G., Jan 1 2002, In : Nutrition Today. 37, 5, p. 2410S

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Child Development
Communicable Diseases
Zinc

Zinc and human immunodeficiency virus infection

Siberry, G. K., Ruff, A. J. & Black, R. E., 2002, In : Nutrition Research. 22, 4, p. 527-538 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Virus Diseases
Zinc
HIV
HIV-1
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Proteins
2001

A randomized controlled clinical trial of zinc, vitamin A or both in undernourished children with persistent diarrhea in Bangladesh

Khatun, U. H. F., Malek, M. A., Black, R. E., Sarkar, N. R., Wahed, M. A., Fuchs, G. & Roy, S. K., 2001, In : Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics. 90, 4, p. 376-380 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Vitamin A
Zinc
Diarrhea
Randomized Controlled Trials

Causes of childhood deaths in Bangladesh: An update

Baqui, A., Sabir, A. A., Begum, N., Arifeen, S. E., Mitra, S. N. & Black, R. E., 2001, In : Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics. 90, 6, p. 682-690 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Cause of Death
Demography
Autopsy
Tetanus

Determinants of infant growth in the slums of Dhaka: Size and maturity at birth, breastfeeding and morbidity

Arifeen, S. E., Black, R. E., Caulfield, L., Antelman, G. & Baqui, A., 2001, In : European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 55, 3, p. 167-178 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

infant growth
Poverty Areas
breast feeding
infancy
Breast Feeding

Diagnosis and management of febrile children using the WHO/UNICEF guidelines for IMCI in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Factor, S. H., Schillinger, J. A., Kalter, H. D., Saha, S., Begum, H., Hossain, A., Hossain, M., Dewitt, V., Hanif, M., Khan, N., Perkins, B., Black, R. E. & Schwartz, B., 2001, In : Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 79, 12, p. 1096-1105 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
United Nations
Fever
Guidelines
Bacteremia

Exclusive breastfeeding reduces acute respiratory infection and diarrhea deaths among infants in Dhaka slums.

Arifeen, S., Black, R. E., Antelman, G., Baqui, A., Caulfield, L. & Becker, S., Oct 2001, In : Pediatrics. 108, 4

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poverty Areas
Breast Feeding
Respiratory Tract Infections
Diarrhea
Infant Mortality

Micronutrients in pregnancy

Black, R. E., 2001, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 85, SUPPL. 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Micronutrients
Pregnancy Complications
Hematologic Pregnancy Complications
Parturition
Fetal Development

Rapid identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of Salmonella enterica serovar typhi isolated from blood: Implications for therapy

Saha, S. K., Darmstadt, G. L., Baqui, A., Hanif, M., Ruhulamin, M., Santosham, M., Nagatake, T. & Black, R. E., 2001, In : Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 39, 10, p. 3583-3585 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salmonella typhi
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Therapeutics
Physicians
Bangladesh

Safety and immunogenicity of tetravalent rhesus-based rotavirus vaccine in Bangladesh

Bresee, J. S., El Arifeen, S., Azim, T., Chakraborty, J., Mounts, A. W., Podder, G., Gentsch, J. R., Ward, R. L., Black, R. E., Glass, R. I. & Yunus, M., 2001, In : Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 20, 12, p. 1136-1143 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Placebos
Safety
Rotavirus
Vaccination

The emerging roles of zinc in infant nutrition, development, and infectious diseases: part 1

Black, R. E. & Miguel, S. G., Jan 1 2001, In : Nutrition Today. 36, 6, p. S16

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Child Development
Communicable Diseases
Zinc

Typhoid fever in Bangladesh: Implications for vaccination policy

Saha, S. K., Baqui, A., Hanif, M., Darmstadt, G. L., Ruhulamin, M., Nagatake, T., Santosham, M. & Black, R. E., 2001, In : Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 20, 5, p. 521-524 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salmonella typhi
Bangladesh
Typhoid Fever
Vaccination
Bacteremia

Zinc and childhood infectious disease morbidity and mortality

Black, R. E. & Sazawal, S., 2001, In : British Journal of Nutrition. 85, SUPPL. 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Communicable Diseases
Zinc
Morbidity
Mortality
Developing Countries
infectious disease
morbidity
Developing Countries
infectious diseases
contagious disease

Zinc supplementation in infants born small for gestational age reduces mortality: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial

Sazawal, S., Black, R. E., Menon, V. P., Dinghra, P., Caulfield, L., Dhingra, U. & Bagati, A., 2001, In : Pediatrics. 108, 6, p. 1280-1286 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Small for Gestational Age Infant
Zinc
Randomized Controlled Trials
Mortality
Folic Acid
2000

Effects of El Nino and ambient temperature on hospital admissions for diarrhoeal diseases in Peruvian children

Checkley, W., Epstein, L. D., Gilman, R. H., Figueroa, D., Cama, R. I., Patz, J. A. & Black, R. E., Feb 5 2000, In : The Lancet. 355, 9202, p. 442-450 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

El Nino-Southern Oscillation
Diarrhea
Temperature
Fluid Therapy
Linear Models

Foodborne illnesses and nutritional status: A statement from an American Society for nutritional sciences working group

King, J. C., Black, R. E., Doyle, M. P., Fritsche, K. L., Halbrook, B. H., Levander, O. A., Meydani, S. N., Walker, W. A. & Woteki, C. E., 2000, In : Journal of Nutrition. 130, 10, p. 2613-2617 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Food Parasitology
Food Microbiology
Nutritional Sciences
Parasitic Diseases
Foodborne Diseases

Infant growth patterns in the slums of Dhaka in relation to birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, and prematurity

Arifeen, S. E., Black, R. E., Caulfield, L., Antelman, G., Baqui, A., Nahar, Q., Alamgir, S. & Mahmud, H., 2000, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 72, 4, p. 1010-1017 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

infant growth
Poverty Areas
premature birth
Fetal Growth Retardation
Bangladesh

Malnutrition as an underlying cause of childhood deaths associated with infectious diseases in developing countries

Rice, A. L., Sacco, L., Hyder, A. & Black, R. E., 2000, In : Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 78, 10, p. 1207-1221 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malnutrition
Developing Countries
Communicable Diseases
Cause of Death
Measles

Rapid, efficient detection and drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum by microscopic observation of broth cultures

Caviedes, L., Tien-Shun, L., Gilman, R. H., Sheen, P., Spellman, E., Lee, E. H., Berg, D. E., Montenegro-James, S., Fuentes, P., Valencia, T., Chumpitaz, R., Salas, I., Recavarren, S., Cama, R., Cabrera, L., Franchi, L. M., Ticona, E., Ticona, L., Chavez, V., Vivar, A. & 6 others, Rodriguez, S., Checkley, W., Black, R. E., Franzblau, S., Friedland, J. & Evans, C., Mar 2000, In : Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 38, 3, p. 1203-1208 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sputum
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Tuberculosis
Peru
Postnatal Care
Program Development
Program Evaluation
Infant Mortality
Virus Diseases

Therapeutic effects of oral zinc in acute and persistent diarrhea in children in developing countries: Pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials

Bhutta, Z. A., Bird, S. M., Black, R. E., Brown, K. H., Gardner, J. M., Hidayat, A., Khatun, F., Martorell, R., Ninh, N. X., Penny, M. E., Rosado, J. L., Roy, S. K., Ruel, M., Sazawal, S. & Shankar, A., 2000, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 72, 6, p. 1516-1522 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Therapeutic Uses
Developing Countries
Zinc
developing countries
Diarrhea
1999

A placebo-controlled trial of Lactobacillus GG to prevent diarrhea in undernourished Peruvian children

Oberhelman, R. A., Gilman, R. H., Sheen, P., Taylor, D. N., Black, R. E., Cabrera, L., Lescano, A. G., Meza, R. & Madico, G., 1999, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 134, 1, p. 15-20 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lactobacillus rhamnosus
Diarrhea
Placebos
Age Groups
House Calls

Introduction: Acute respiratory tract infections - The forgotten pandemic. Summary of topics discussed at the conference

Shann, F., Woolcock, A., Black, R. E., Cripps, A., Foy, H., Harris, M. & D'Souza, R., 1999, In : Clinical Infectious Diseases. 28, 2, p. 189-191 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haemophilus Infections
Pneumococcal Pneumonia
Haemophilus influenzae
Acute Disease
Pandemics

Potential interventions for the prevention of childhood pneumonia in developing countries: Improving nutrition

Victora, C. G., Kirkwood, B. R., Ashworth, A., Black, R. E., Rogers, S., Sazawal, S., Campbell, H. & Gove, S., Sep 1999, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 70, 3, p. 309-320 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

breast feeding
Breast Feeding
childhood
Malnutrition
malnutrition

Prevention of diarrhea and pneumonia by zinc supplementation in children in developing countries: Pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials

Bhutta, Z. A., Black, R. E., Brown, K. H., Meeks Gardner, J., Gore, S., Hidayat, A., Khatun, F., Martorell, R., Ninb, N. X., Penny, M. E., Rosado, J. L., Roy, S. K., Ruel, M., Sazawal, S. & Shankar, A., 1999, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 135, 6, p. 689-697 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Developing Countries
Zinc
Diarrhea
Pneumonia
Randomized Controlled Trials

Randomized, community-based trial of the effect of zinc supplementation, with and without other micronutrients, on the duration of persistent childhood diarrhea in Lima, Peru

Penny, M. E., Peerson, J. M., Marin, R. M., Duran, A., Lanata, C. F., Lonnerdal, B., Black, R. E. & Brown, K. H., 1999, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 135, 2 I, p. 208-217 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peru
Micronutrients
Zinc
Diarrhea
Therapeutics

Reappraisal of the Peruvian and Brazilian lower titer tetravalent rhesus-human reassortant rotavirus vaccine efficacy trials: Analysis by severity of diarrhea

Linhares, A. C., Lanata, C. F., Hausdorff, W. P., Gabbay, Y. B. & Black, R. E., Nov 1999, In : Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 18, 11, p. 1001-1006 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rotavirus Vaccines
Rotavirus
Diarrhea
Vaccines
Brazil

Validation of caregiver interviews to diagnose common causes of severe neonatal illness

Kalter, H. D., Hossain, M., Burnham, G. M., Khan, N. Z., Saha, S. K., Ali, M. A. & Black, R. E., 1999, In : Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 13, 1, p. 99-113 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caregivers
Interviews
Asphyxia
Tetanus
Malnutrition
1998

Age-related prevalence of Shigella and Salmonella antibodies and their association with diarrhoeal diseases in Peruvian children

Minh, N. B., Lanata, C. F., Black, R. E., Gil, A. I., Kärnell, A. & Wretlind, B., 1998, In : Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 30, 2, p. 159-164 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shigella
Salmonella
Shigella dysenteriae
Shigella sonnei
Shigella flexneri

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: Preface

Black, R. E., 1998, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 68, 2 SUPPL.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Causes of childhood deaths in Bangladesh: Results of a nationwide verbal autopsy study

Baqui, A., Black, R. E., Arifeen, S. E., Hill, K., Mitra, S. N. & Al Sabir, A., 1998, In : Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 76, 2, p. 161-171 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Cause of Death
Autopsy
Respiratory Tract Infections
Diarrhea

Effects of Cryptosporidium parvum infection in Peruvian children: Growth faltering and subsequent catch-up growth

Checkley, W., Epstein, L. D., Gilman, R. H., Black, R. E., Cabrera, L. & Sterling, C. R., Sep 1 1998, In : American Journal of Epidemiology. 148, 5, p. 497-506 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cryptosporidium parvum
Growth
Infection
Weights and Measures
Confidence Intervals

Ethics and international research (multiple letters) [2]

Edi-Osagie, E. C. O., Edi-Osagie, N. E., Lurie, P., Wolfe, S. M., Burdon, J., Baraza, R., Landray, M. J., Halsey, N. A., Sommer, A., Black, R. E., Godfrey-Faussett, P., Mwinga, A., Hosp, M., Baggaley, R., Quigley, M. & Porter, J., Feb 21 1998, In : BMJ (Online). 316, 7131, p. 625-628 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Evaluation of clinical signs to diagnose anaemia in Uganda and Bangladesh, in areas with and without malaria

Kalter, H. D., Burnham, G. M., Kolstad, P. R., Hossain, M., Schillinger, J. A., Khan, N. Z., Saha, S., De Wit, V., Kenya-Mugisha, N., Schwartz, B. & Black, R. E., 1998, In : Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 75, SUPPL. 1, p. 103-111 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uganda
Bangladesh
Pallor
Malaria
Anemia