1976 …2019
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Research Output 1976 2019

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Article
2005

Comorbidity in childhood in northern Ghana: Magnitude, associated factors, and impact on mortality

Fenn, B., Morris, S. S. & Black, R. E., Apr 2005, In : International Journal of Epidemiology. 34, 2, p. 368-375 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghana
Comorbidity
Mortality
Pneumonia
Diarrhea

Drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in selected urban and rural areas in Bangladesh

Zaman, K., Rahim, Z., Yunus, M., Arifeen, S. E., Baqui, A., Sack, D. A., Hossain, S., Banu, S., Islam, M. A., Ahmed, J., Breiman, R. F. & Black, R. E., 2005, In : Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 37, 1, p. 21-26 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Drug Resistance
Tuberculosis
Bacillus

Effectiveness of an educational intervention delivered through the health services to improve nutrition in young children: A cluster-randomised controlled trial

Penny, M. E., Creed-Kanashiro, H. M., Robert, R. C., Narro, M. R., Caulfield, L. & Black, R. E., May 28 2005, In : The Lancet. 365, 9474, p. 1863-1872 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Health Services
Randomized Controlled Trials
Growth Disorders
Food
Health Facilities

Effect of topical treatment with skin barrier-enhancing emollients on nosocomial infections in preterm infants in Bangladesh: A randomised controlled trial

Darmstadt, G. L., Saha, S. K., Ahmed, A. S. M. N. U., Chowdhury, M. A. K. A., Law, P. A., Ahmed, S., Alam, M. A., Black, R. E. & Santosham, M., Mar 19 2005, In : The Lancet. 365, 9464, p. 1039-1045 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Emollients
Bangladesh
Cross Infection
Premature Infants
Randomized Controlled Trials
Bangladesh
Poverty
Zinc
Diarrhea
Pneumonia

Efficacy of zinc in young infants with acute watery diarrhea

Brooks, W. A., Santosham, M., Roy, S. K., Faruque, A. S. G., Wahed, M. A. L., Nahar, K., Khan, A. I., Khan, A. F. L., Fuchs, G. J. & Black, R. E., 2005, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 82, 3, p. 605-610 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Diarrhea
diarrhea
zinc
duration

Gaps in policy-relevant information on burden of disease in children: A systematic review

Rudan, I., Lawn, J., Cousens, S., Rowe, A. K., Boschi-Pinto, C., Tomašković, L., Mendoza, W., Lanata, C. F., Roca-Feltrer, A., Carneiro, I., Schellenberg, J. A., Polašek, O., Weber, M., Bryce, J., Morris, S. S., Black, R. E. & Campbell, H., Jun 11 2005, In : The Lancet. 365, 9476, p. 2031-2040 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Child Mortality
Developing Countries
Population
Morbidity
Information Dissemination

Impact of training on assessment of diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection at government health facilities in Egypt

Langsten, R. L., el-Mougi, M. & Black, R. E., Sep 2005, In : Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. 23, 3, p. 282-291 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

respiratory disease
Egypt
Health Facilities
Respiratory Tract Infections
Diarrhea

Improving quality and efficiency of facility-based child health care through Integrated Management of Childhood Illness in Tanzania

Bryce, J., Gouws, E., Adam, T., Black, R. E., Schellenberg, J. A., Manzi, F., Victora, C. G. & Habicht, J. P., Dec 2005, In : Health Policy and Planning. 20, SUPPL. 1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanzania
Child Care
illness
childhood
health care

Infection control practices reduce nosocomial infection and mortality in preterm infants in Bangladesh

Darmstadt, G. L., Ahmed, A. S. M. N. U., Saha, S. K., Chowdhury, M. A. K. A., Alam, M. A., Khatun, M., Black, R. E. & Santosham, M., May 2005, In : Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association. 25, 5, p. 331-335 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Infection Control
Cross Infection
Premature Infants
Sepsis

Interactive effects of iron and zinc on biochemical and functional outcomes in supplementation trials

Walker, C. F., Kordas, K., Stoltzfus, R. J. & Black, R. E., 2005, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 82, 1, p. 5-12 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Iron
zinc
iron
Micronutrients

Interactive effects of iron and zinc on biochemical and functional outcomes in supplementation trials.

Fischer Walker, C., Kordas, K., Stoltzfus, R. J. & Black, R. E., Jul 2005, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 82, 1, p. 5-12 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Iron
zinc
iron
Micronutrients

Intervention models for the management of children with signs of pneumonia or malaria by community health workers

Winch, P. J., Gilroy, K. E., Wolfheim, C., Starbuck, E. S., Young, M. W., Walker, L. D. & Black, R. E., Jul 2005, In : Health Policy and Planning. 20, 4, p. 199-212 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malaria
Pneumonia
Case Management
worker
case management

Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b diseases in Bangladesh, with increased resistance to antibiotics

Saha, S. K., Baqui, A., Darmstadt, G. L., Ruhulamin, M., Hanif, M., El Arifeen, S., Oishi, K., Santosham, M., Nagatake, T. & Black, R. E., Feb 2005, In : Journal of Pediatrics. 146, 2, p. 227-233 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haemophilus influenzae type b
Bangladesh
Microbial Drug Resistance
Meningitis
Ampicillin Resistance

Iron deficiency and physical growth predict attainment of walking but not crawling in poorly nourished Zanzibari infants

Kariger, P. K., Stoltzfus, R. J., Olney, D., Sazawal, S., Black, R. E., Tielsch, J. M., Frongillo, E. A., Khalfan, S. S. & Pollitt, E., Apr 2005, In : Journal of Nutrition. 135, 4, p. 814-819 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

walking
Walking
Iron
iron
Growth

Programmatic pathways to child survival: Results of a multi-country evaluation of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness

Bryce, J., Victora, C. G., Habicht, J. P., Black, R. E. & Scherpbier, R. W., Dec 2005, In : Health Policy and Planning. 20, SUPPL. 1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

illness
childhood
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Child Mortality
Tanzania

Quality of care for under-fives in first-level health facilities in one district of Bangladesh

Arifeen, S. E., Bryce, J., Gouws, E., Baqui, A., Black, R. E., Hoque, D. M. E., Chowdhury, E. K., Yunus, M., Begum, N., Akter, T. & Siddique, A., Apr 2005, In : Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 83, 4, p. 260-267 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Quality of Health Care
Health Facilities
Health Status
Child Care

Safety and efficacy of zinc supplementation for children with HIV-1 infection in South Africa: A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial

Bobat, R., Coovadia, H., Stephen, C., Naidoo, K. L., McKerrow, N., Black, R. E. & Moss, W. J., Nov 26 2005, In : The Lancet. 366, 9500, p. 1862-1867 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

South Africa
HIV Infections
HIV-1
Zinc
Placebos

Short-term effects of vitamin A and antimalarial treatment on erythropoiesis in severely anemic Zanzibari preschool children

Cusick, S. E., Tielsch, J. M., Ramsan, M., Jape, J. K., Sazawal, S., Black, R. E. & Stoltzfus, R. J., 2005, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 82, 2, p. 406-412 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

erythropoiesis
erythropoietin
antimalarials
preschool children
Erythropoiesis

The burden of pneumonia in children in Latin America

Fuchs, S. C., Fischer, G. B., Black, R. E. & Lanata, C., Jun 2005, In : Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. 6, 2, p. 83-87 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Latin America
Pneumonia
Respiratory Tract Infections
Mortality
Haemophilus Vaccines

Use of multiple opportunities for improving feeding practices in under-twos within child health programmes

Bhandari, N., Mazumder, S., Bahl, R., Martines, J., Black, R. E. & Bhan, M. K., Sep 2005, In : Health Policy and Planning. 20, 5, p. 328-336 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Counseling
Breast Feeding
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
House Calls
counseling

Weekly iron supplementation does not block increases in serum zinc due to weekly zinc supplementation in Bangladeshi infants

Baqui, A., Fischer Walker, C. L., Zaman, K., El Arifeen, S., Chowdhury, H. R., Wahed, M. A., Black, R. E. & Caulfield, L., Sep 2005, In : Journal of Nutrition. 135, 9, p. 2187-2191 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Iron
zinc
iron
Serum

WHO estimates of the causes of death in children

Bryce, J., Boschi-Pinto, C., Shibuya, K. & Black, R. E., Mar 26 2005, In : The Lancet. 365, 9465, p. 1147-1152 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cause of Death
Pneumonia
Malaria
Malnutrition
Diarrhea
2004

An educational intervention to promote appropriate complementary feeding practices and physical growth in infants and young children in Rural Haryana, India

Bhandari, N., Mazumder, S., Bahl, R., Martines, J., Black, R. E. & Bhan, M. K., Sep 2004, In : Journal of Nutrition. 134, 9, p. 2342-2348 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
infant growth
India
Growth
complementary foods

Cognitive and Motor Development among Small-for-Gestational-Age Infants: Impact of Zinc Supplementation, Birth Weight, and Caregiving Practices

Black, M. M., Sazawal, S., Black, R. E., Khosla, S., Kumar, J. & Menon, V., May 2004, In : Pediatrics. 113, 5 I, p. 1297-1305 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Small for Gestational Age Infant
Birth Weight
Zinc
Gestational Age
Aptitude

Cost-effectiveness of zinc as adjunct therapy for acute childhood diarrhoea in developing countries

Robberstad, B., Strand, T., Black, R. E. & Sommerfelt, H., Jul 2004, In : Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 82, 7, p. 523-531 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Developing Countries
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Zinc
Diarrhea
Costs and Cost Analysis

Distribution of major health risks: Findings from the global burden of disease study

Comparative Risk Assessment Collaborating Group, Jan 1 2004, In : PLoS Medicine. 1, 1, p. 44-55 12 p., e27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Health
Population
Thinness
Tobacco Use
Vegetables

Effect of water and sanitation on childhood health in a poor Peruvian peri-urban community

Checkley, W., Gilman, R. H., Black, R. E., Epstein, L. D., Cabrera, L., Sterling, C. R. & Moulton, L. H., Jan 10 2004, In : The Lancet. 363, 9403, p. 112-118 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sanitation
Water
Health
Sewage
Developing Countries

Enumeration of lymphocyte subsets using flow cytometry: Effect of storage before and after staining in a developing country setting

Jalla, S., Sazawal, S., Deb, S., Black, R. E., Das, S. N., Sarkar, A. & Bhan, M. K., Jul 2004, In : Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. 19, 2, p. 95-99 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lymphocytes
Flow cytometry
Lymphocyte Subsets
Developing countries
ethylenediamine

Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) in Bangladesh: Early findings from a cluster-randomised study

Arifeen, S. E., Blum, L. S., Emdadul Hoque, D. M., Chowdhury, E. K., Khan, R., Black, P. R. E., Victora, P. C. G. & Bryce, J., Oct 30 2004, In : The Lancet. 364, 9445, p. 1595-1602 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bangladesh
Health Facilities
Quality of Health Care
Health
Community Health Planning

Iron and zinc supplementation promote motor development and exploratory behavior among Bangladeshi infants

Black, M. M., Baqui, A., Zaman, K., Persson, L. A., El Arifeen, S. E., Le, K., McNary, S. W., Parveen, M., Hamadani, J. D. & Black, R. E., Oct 2004, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 80, 4, p. 903-910 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

motor development
Exploratory Behavior
Zinc
Iron
zinc

Measuring quality of life among HIV-infected women using a culturally adapted questionnaire in Rakai district, Uganda

Mast, T. C., Kigozi, G., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Black, R. E., Sewankambo, N., Serwadda, D., Gray, R. H., Wawer, M. J. & Wu, A. W., Jan 2004, In : AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 16, 1, p. 81-94 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uganda
quality of life
Quality of Life
HIV
district

Randomized controlled trial of the effect of daily supplementation with zinc or multiple micronutrients on the morbidity, growth, and micronutrient status of young Peruvian children

Penny, M. E., Marin, R. M., Duran, A., Peerson, J. M., Lanata, C. F., Lönnerdal, B., Black, R. E. & Brown, K. H., Mar 2004, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 79, 3, p. 457-465 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Micronutrients
dietary minerals
morbidity
Zinc
Randomized Controlled Trials

Suppressive effect of zinc on antibody response to cholera toxin in children given the killed, B subunit-whole cell, oral cholera vaccine

Qadri, F., Ahmed, T., Wahed, M. A., Ahmed, F., Bhuiyan, N. A., Rahman, A. S. M. H., Clemens, J. D., Black, R. E. & Albert, M. J., Jan 2 2004, In : Vaccine. 22, 3-4, p. 416-421 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cholera Vaccines
cholera
cholera toxin
Cholera Toxin
Antibody Formation

The Multi-Country Evaluation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness Strategy: Lessons for the Evaluation of Public Health Interventions

Bryce, J., Victora, C. G., Habicht, J. P., Vaughan, J. P. & Black, R. E., Mar 2004, In : American Journal of Public Health. 94, 3, p. 406-415 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Public Health
Peru
Uganda
Bangladesh
Tanzania

Undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and measles.

Caulfield, L., de Onis, M., Blössner, M. & Black, R. E., Jul 2004, In : American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 80, 1, p. 193-198 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Measles
Malnutrition
malnutrition
malaria
pneumonia
Child Mortality
Malnutrition
Malaria
Morbidity
Vitamin A Deficiency

Zinc and the risk for infectious disease

Walker, C. F. & Black, R. E., 2004, In : Annual Review of Nutrition. 24, p. 255-275 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Communicable Diseases
Zinc
Diarrhea
Common Cold
Child Mortality

Zinc for severe pneumonia in very young children: Double-blind placebo-controlled trial

Brooks, W. A., Yunus, M., Santosham, M., Wahed, M. A., Nahar, K., Yeasmin, S. & Black, R. E., May 22 2004, In : The Lancet. 363, 9422, p. 1683-1688 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Pneumonia
Placebos
Respiratory Rate
Thorax

Zinc supplementation for four months does not affect plasma copper concentration in infants

Sazawal, S., Malik, P., Jalla, S., Krebs, N., Bhan, M. K. & Black, R. E., May 2004, In : Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics. 93, 5, p. 599-602 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc
Copper
Control Groups
Randomized Controlled Trials

Zinc therapy for diarrhoea increased the use of oral rehydration therapy and reduced the use of antibiotics in Bangladeshi children

Baqui, A., Black, R. E., Arifeen, S. E., Yunus, M., Zaman, K., Begum, N., Roess, A. A. & Santosham, M., Dec 2004, In : Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. 22, 4, p. 440-442 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

oral rehydration
rehydration
Fluid Therapy
antibiotics
Zinc
2003

Comparison of Antibiotic Resistance and Serotype Composition of Carriage and Invasive Pneumococci among Bangladeshi Children: Implications for Treatment Policy and Vaccine Formulation

Saha, S. K., Baqui, A., Darmstadt, G. L., Ruhulamin, M., Hanif, M., El Arifeen, S., Santosham, M., Oishi, K., Nagatake, T. & Black, R. E., Dec 2003, In : Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 41, 12, p. 5582-5587 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Microbial Drug Resistance
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Meningitis
Vaccines
Therapeutics

Effect of community-based promotion of exclusive breastfeeding on diarrhoeal illness and growth: A cluster randomised controlled trial

Bhandari, N., Bahl, R., Mazumdar, S., Martines, J., Black, R. E. & Bhan, M. K., Apr 26 2003, In : The Lancet. 361, 9367, p. 1418-1423 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Breast Feeding
Randomized Controlled Trials
Growth
Anthropometry
Intention to Treat Analysis
Case Management
Preschool Children
Meta-Analysis
Pneumonia
Newborn Infant

Effects of acute diarrhea on linear growth in Peruvian children

Checkley, W., Epstein, L. D., Gilman, R. H., Cabrera, L. & Black, R. E., Jan 15 2003, In : American Journal of Epidemiology. 157, 2, p. 166-175 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diarrhea
Growth
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Anthropometry
Developing Countries
Ecuador
Referral and Consultation
Caregivers
Health
Odds Ratio

How many child deaths can we prevent this year?

Jones, G., Steketee, R. W., Black, R. E., Bhutta, Z. A. & Morris, S. S., Jul 5 2003, In : The Lancet. 362, 9377, p. 65-71 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Child Mortality
Asphyxia
Measles
Malnutrition
Malaria
Nutrition Disorders
Public Health Practice
Avitaminosis
Micronutrients
Trace Elements

Predicting the distribution of under-five deaths by cause in countries without adequate vital registration systems

Morris, S. S., Black, R. E. & Tomaskovic, L., Dec 2003, In : International Journal of Epidemiology. 32, 6, p. 1041-1051 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cause of Death
Mortality
Malaria
Africa South of the Sahara
Measles

Sexually transmitted infections prevalence rates in slum communities of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Sabin, K. M., Rahman, M., Hawkes, S., Ahsan, K., Begum, L., Black, R. E. & Baqui, A., Sep 1 2003, In : International Journal of STD and AIDS. 14, 9, p. 614-621 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poverty Areas
Bangladesh
Syphilis
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Sexually Transmitted Diseases