Research Output 1975 2018

2018

A Comprehensive Risk Score to Predict Prolonged Hospital Length of Stay After Heart Transplantation

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Suarez-Pierre, A., Patel, N., Sciortino, C. M., Zehr, K. J., Mandal, K., Tedford, R. J., Russell, S. D., Conte, J. V., Higgins, R. S., Cameron, D. E. & Whitman, G. J. Jan 1 2018 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 105, 1, p. 83-90 8 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart Transplantation
Length of Stay
Hospitalization
Transplants
Transplant Recipients
2017

Acute kidney injury and 1-year mortality after left ventricular assist device implantation

Muslem, R., Caliskan, K., Akin, S., Sharma, K., Gilotra, N. A., Constantinescu, A. A., Houston, B., Whitman, G., Tedford, R. J., Hesselink, D. A., Bogers, A. J. J. C., Russell, S. D. & Manintveld, O. C. Jan 1 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Acute Kidney Injury
Mortality
Heart Ventricles
Kidney

Angiotensin II antagonism is associated with reduced risk for gastrointestinal bleeding caused by arteriovenous malformations in patients with left ventricular assist devices

Houston, B. A., Schneider, A. L. C., Vaishnav, J., Cromwell, D. M., Miller, P. E., Faridi, K. F., Shah, A., Sciortino, C., Whitman, G., Tedford, R. J., Stevens, G. R., Judge, D. P., Russell, S. D. & Rouf, R. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Arteriovenous Malformations
Angiotensin II
Hemorrhage
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists

A Novel Risk Score to Predict the Need for Nutrition Support After Cardiac Surgery

Ohkuma, R. E., Crawford, T. C., Brown, P. M., Grimm, J. C., Magruder, J. T., Kilic, A., Suarez-Pierre, A., Snyder, S., Wood, J. D., Schneider, E., Sussman, M. S. & Whitman, G. J. R. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Odds Ratio
Parenteral Nutrition
Enteral Nutrition
Malnutrition

A pilot goal-directed perfusion initiative is associated with less acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery

Magruder, J. T., Crawford, T. C., Harness, H. L., Grimm, J. C., Suarez-Pierre, A., Wierschke, C., Biewer, J., Hogue, C., Whitman, G. R., Shah, A. S. & Barodka, V. Jan 1 2017 In : Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 153, 1, p. 118-125.e1

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Acute Kidney Injury
Thoracic Surgery
Perfusion
Incidence
Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Complications After Cardiac Operations: All Are Not Created Equal

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Suarez-Pierre, A., Sciortino, C. M., Mandal, K., Zehr, K. J., Conte, J. V., Higgins, R. S., Cameron, D. E. & Whitman, G. J. Jan 1 2017 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 103, 1, p. 32-40 9 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Length of Stay
Mortality
Reoperation
Thoracic Surgery
Renal Insufficiency

Effect of Age and Renal Function on Survival After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation

Muslem, R., Caliskan, K., Akin, S., Yasar, Y. E., Sharma, K., Gilotra, N. A., Kardys, I., Houston, B., Whitman, G., Tedford, R. J., Hesselink, D. A., Bogers, A. J. J. C., Manintveld, O. C. & Russell, S. D. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : American Journal of Cardiology.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Kidney
Survival
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Mortality

Less Is More: Results of a Statewide Analysis of the Impact of Blood Transfusion on Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Outcomes

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Fraser, C., Suarez-Pierre, A., Alejo, D., Bobbitt, J., Fonner, C. E., Canner, J. K., Horvath, K., Wehberg, K., Taylor, B., Kwon, C., Whitman, G. J., Conte, J. V. & Salenger, R. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Coronary Artery Bypass
Blood Transfusion
Erythrocytes
Length of Stay
Blood Group Antigens

Long-term follow-up of continuous flow left ventricular assist devices: Complications and predisposing risk factors

Adesiyun, T. A., McLean, R. C., Tedford, R. J., Whitman, G. J. R., Sciortino, C. M., Conte, J. V., Shah, A. S. & Russell, S. D. 2017 In : International Journal of Artificial Organs. 40, 11, p. 622-628 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Causality
Odds Ratio
Left ventricular assist devices

Pre-operative proteinuria in left ventricular assist devices and clinical outcome

Muslem, R., Caliskan, K., Akin, S., Sharma, K., Gilotra, N. A., Brugts, J. J., Houston, B., Whitman, G., Tedford, R. J., Hesselink, D. A., Bogers, A. J. J. C., Manintveld, O. C. & Russell, S. D. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Proteinuria
Renal Replacement Therapy
Mortality
Confidence Intervals

Preoperative Staphylococcus Aureus Screening and Targeted Decolonization in Cardiac Surgery

Saraswat, M. K., Magruder, J. T., Crawford, T. C., Gardner, J. M., Duquaine, D., Sussman, M. S., Maragakis, L. L. & Whitman, G. J. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Methicillin Resistance
Thoracic Surgery
Staphylococcus aureus
Surgical Wound Infection
Confidence Intervals

Renal Failure After Cardiac Operations: Not All Acute Kidney Injury Is the Same

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Lee, S. R., Suarez-Pierre, A., Lehenbauer, D., Sciortino, C. M., Higgins, R. S., Cameron, D. E., Conte, J. V. & Whitman, G. J. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Acute Kidney Injury
Renal Insufficiency
Renal Dialysis
Length of Stay
Creatinine

Renal ultrasound provides low utility in evaluating cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury

Young, A., Crawford, T., Pierre, A. S., Trent Magruder, J., Fraser, C., Conte, J., Whitman, G. & Sciortino, C. Sep 2 2017 In : Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 12, 1, 75

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Acute Kidney Injury
Thoracic Surgery
Kidney
Renal Artery Obstruction
Incidental Findings

Reply

Kilic, A., Whitman, G. J. & Conte, J. V. Nov 1 2017 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 104, 5, p. 1757-1758 2 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewLetter

Role of nutrition support in adult cardiac surgery: A consensus statement from an International Multidisciplinary Expert Group on Nutrition in Cardiac Surgery

Stoppe, C. , Goetzenich, A. , Whitman, G. , Ohkuma, R. , Brown, T. , Hatzakorzian, R. , Kristof, A. , Meybohm, P. , Mechanick, J. , Evans, A. , Yeh, D. , McDonald, B. , Chourdakis, M. , Jones, P. , Barton, R. , Tripathi, R. , Elke, G. , Liakopoulos, O. , Agarwala, R. , Lomivorotov, V. & 5 others Nesterova, E., Marx, G., Benstoem, C., Lemieux, M. & Heyland, D. K. Jun 5 2017 In : Critical Care. 21, 1, 131

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Therapeutics
Nutritional Support
Russia
Greece

Staphylococcus Aureus Prevention Strategies in Cardiac Surgery: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Hong, J. C., Saraswat, M. K., Ellison, T. A., Magruder, J. T., Crawford, T., Gardner, J. M., Padula, W. V. & Whitman, G. J. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Staphylococcus aureus
Costs and Cost Analysis
Surgical Wound Infection

The Paradoxical Relationship Between Donor Distance and Survival After Heart Transplantation

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Kemp, C. D., Suarez-Pierre, A., Zehr, K. J., Mandal, K., Whitman, G. J., Conte, J. V., Higgins, R. S., Cameron, D. E. & Sciortino, C. M. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart Transplantation
Tissue Donors
Survival
Mortality
Transplantation

Who determines the timing of delayed sternal closure, the surgeon or the patient?

Crawford, T. C. & Whitman, G. J. R. 2017 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Surgeons
2016

A novel score to estimate the risk of pneumonia after cardiac surgery

Kilic, A., Ohkuma, R., Grimm, J. C., Magruder, J. T., Sussman, M., Schneider, E. B. & Whitman, G. J. R. May 1 2016 In : Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 151, 5, p. 1415-1421 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Pneumonia
Erythrocyte Transfusion
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Association of Pre-Implant Red Blood Cell Distribution Width with Clinical Outcomes Among Individuals with Left Ventricular Assist Devices: LVAD Red Blood Cell Distribution and Mortality

Miller, E. E., Houston, B. A., Schneider, A. L. C., Bush, A., Whitman, G. J., Stevens, G., Tedford, R. J. & Russell, S. D. Aug 22 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : ASAIO Journal.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Erythrocyte Indices
Erythrocytes
Mortality
Left ventricular assist devices

Attributable harm of severe bleeding after cardiac surgery in hemodynamically stable patients

Magruder, J. T., Belmustakov, S., Ohkuma, R., Collica, S., Grimm, J. C., Crawford, T., Conte, J. V., Baumgartner, W. A., Shah, A. S. & Whitman, G. R. Sep 20 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. p. 1-8 8 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Hemorrhage
Mortality
Chest Tubes
Morbidity

Cardiac Index Declines During Long-Term Left Ventricular Device Support

Kalathiya, R. J., Houston, B. A., Chaisson, J. M., Grimm, J. C., Stevens, G. R., Sciortino, C. M., Shah, A. S., Whitman, G. J. R., Russell, S. D. & Tedford, R. J. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Artificial Organs.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Equipment and Supplies
Left ventricular assist devices
Hemodynamics
Heart-Assist Devices
Therapeutics

Development and Validation of a Score to Predict the Risk of Readmission After Adult Cardiac Operations

Kilic, A., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Dungan, S. P., Crawford, T., Whitman, G. J. R. & Conte, J. V. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Infection
Population

Duration of Left Ventricular Assist Device Support Does Not Impact Survival After US Heart Transplantation

Grimm, J. C., Magruder, J. T., Crawford, T. C., Fraser, C. D., Plum, W. G., Sciortino, C. M., Higgins, R. S., Whitman, G. J. R. & Shah, A. S. Oct 1 2016 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 102, 4, p. 1206-1212 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Heart Transplantation
Equipment and Supplies
Survival
Transplants

Early Extubation: A Proposed New Metric

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Sciortino, C., Conte, J. V., Kim, B. S., Higgins, R. S., Cameron, D. E., Sussman, M. & Whitman, G. J. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Length of Stay
Mortality
Thoracic Surgery
Odds Ratio
Morbidity
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Shock
Therapeutics
Decompression
Counseling

Hospital Bed Type, the Electronic Medical Record, and Safe Bed Elevation in the Intensive Care Setting

Fitch, Z. W., Duquaine, D., Ohkuma, R., Schneider, E. B. & Whitman, G. J. R. Jan 1 2016 In : American Journal of Medical Quality. 31, 1, p. 69-72 4 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Electronic Health Records
Critical Care
Compliance
Nurses
Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Impact of Intraoperative Continuous-Infusion Versus Intermittent Dosing of Cefazolin Therapy on the Incidence of Surgical Site Infections after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Shoulders, B. R., Crow, J. R., Davis, S. L., Whitman, G. J., Gavin, M., Lester, L., Barodka, V. & Dzintars, K. Feb 1 2016 In : Pharmacotherapy. 36, 2, p. 166-173 8 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Surgical Wound Infection
Cefazolin
Coronary Artery Bypass
Incidence
Therapeutics
Compartment Syndromes
Coronary Artery Bypass
Lower Extremity
Delayed Diagnosis

Outcomes in Patients Bridged With Univentricular and Biventricular Devices in the Modern Era of Heart Transplantation

Grimm, J. C., Sciortino, C. M., Magruder, J. T., Dungan, S. P., Valero, V., Sharma, K., Tedford, R. J., Russell, S. D., Whitman, G. J. R., Silvestry, S. C. & Shah, A. S. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart Transplantation
Equipment and Supplies
Artificial Heart
Survival
Heart-Assist Devices
Aortic Valve
Surgical Instruments
Mortality
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Postoperative Care

Planned Versus Unplanned Reexplorations for Bleeding: A Comparison of Morbidity and Mortality

Crawford, T. C., Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Sciortino, C. M., Mandal, K., Zehr, K. J., Cameron, D. E., Whitman, G. J. & Conte, J. V. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thorax
Hemorrhage
Morbidity
Mortality
Length of Stay

Postoperative care of the cardiac surgical patient

Grimm, J. C. & Whitman, G. J. R. Jan 1 2016 Surgical Intensive Care Medicine, Third Edition. Springer International Publishing, p. 653-667 15 p.

Research output: ResearchChapter

Postoperative Care
Perioperative Period
Critical Care
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Thoracic Surgery

Reply

Grimm, J. C. & Whitman, G. J. R. Feb 1 2016 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 101, 2, p. 831 1 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewLetter

Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Deglutition Disorders

Reply

Magruder, J. T. & Whitman, G. R. Apr 1 2016 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 101, 4, p. 1631-1632 2 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Acute Kidney Injury
Hypotension
Oxygen
Blood Pressure

Right ventricular afterload sensitivity dramatically increases after left ventricular assist device implantation: A multi-center hemodynamic analysis

Houston, B. A., Kalathiya, R. J., Hsu, S., Loungani, R., Davis, M. E., Coffin, S. T., Haglund, N., Maltais, S., Keebler, M. E., Leary, P. J., Judge, D. P., Stevens, G. R., Rickard, J., Sciortino, C. M., Whitman, G. J., Shah, A. S., Russell, S. D. & Tedford, R. J. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart-Assist Devices
Hemodynamics
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure
Cardiac Catheterization
Lung Compliance

Survival After Orthotopic Heart Transplantation in Patients Undergoing Bridge to Transplantation With the HeartWare HVAD Versus the Heartmate II

Magruder, J. T., Grimm, J. C., Crawford, T. C., Tedford, R. J., Russell, S. D., Sciortino, C. M., Whitman, G. J. R. & Shah, A. S. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Heart Transplantation
Transplantation
Survival
Equipment and Supplies
Tissue Donors

The Impact of Delirium after Cardiac Surgical Procedures on Postoperative Resource Use

Brown, C. H., Laflam, A., Max, L., Lymar, D., Neufeld, K. J., Tian, J., Shah, A. S., Whitman, G. J. & Hogue, C. W. May 1 2016 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 101, 5, p. 1663-1669 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Delirium
Length of Stay
Intensive Care Units
Hospital Charges

The impact of red blood cell storage duration on tissue oxygenation in cardiac surgery

Stowell, C. P., Whitman, G., Granger, S., Gomez, H., Assmann, S. F., Massey, M. J., Shapiro, N. I., Steiner, M. E. & Bennett-Guerrero, E. Jan 30 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Erythrocytes
Oxygen
Confidence Intervals
Video Microscopy

Variation In Red Blood Cell Transfusion Practices During Cardiac Operations Among Centers In Maryland: Results From a State Quality-Improvement Collaborative

Magruder, J. T., Blasco-Colmenares, E., Crawford, T., Alejo, D., Conte, J. V., Salenger, R., Fonner, C. E., Kwon, C. C., Bobbitt, J., Brown, J. M., Nelson, M. G., Horvath, K. A. & Whitman, G. R. 2016 (Accepted/In press) In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Erythrocyte Transfusion
Quality Improvement
Hematocrit
Risk Adjustment
Thoracic Surgery
2015

A Novel Risk Score to Predict Dysphagia After Cardiac Surgery Procedures

Grimm, J. C., Magruder, J. T., Ohkuma, R., Dungan, S. P., Hayes, A., Vose, A. K., Orlando, M., Sussman, M. S., Cameron, D. E. & Whitman, G. J. R. Aug 1 2015 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 100, 2, p. 568-574 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Deglutition Disorders
Thoracic Surgery
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Deglutition

A predictive model and risk score for unplanned cardiac surgery intensive care unit readmissions

Magruder, J. T., Kashiouris, M., Grimm, J. C., Duquaine, D., McGuinness, B., Russell, S., Orlando, M., Sussman, M. & Whitman, G. J. R. Sep 1 2015 In : Journal of Cardiac Surgery. 30, 9, p. 685-690 6 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Intensive Care Units
Aortic Valve
Coronary Artery Bypass
Morbidity

A risk score to predict acute renal failure in adult patients after lung transplantation

Grimm, J. C., Lui, C., Kilic, A., Valero, V., Sciortino, C. M., Whitman, G. J. R. & Shah, A. S. Jan 1 2015 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 99, 1, p. 251-257 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Lung Transplantation
Acute Kidney Injury
Renal Insufficiency
Odds Ratio
Logistic Models

Effects of red-cell storage duration on patients undergoing cardiac surgery

Steiner, M. E. , Ness, P. M. , Assmann, S. F. , Triulzi, D. J. , Sloan, S. R. , Delaney, M. , Granger, S. , Bennett-Guerrero, E. , Blajchman, M. A. , Scavo, V. , Carson, J. L. , Levy, J. H. , Whitman, G. , D'Andrea, P. , Pulkrabek, S. , Ortel, T. L. , Bornikova, L. , Raife, T. , Puca, K. E. , Kaufman, R. M. & 21 others Nuttall, G. A., Young, P. P., Youssef, S., Engelman, R., Greilich, P. E., Miles, R., Josephson, C. D., Bracey, A., Cooke, R., McCullough, J., Hunsaker, R., Uhl, L., McFarland, J. G., Park, Y., Cushing, M. M., Klodell, C. T., Karanam, R., Roberts, P. R., Dyke, C., Hod, E. A. & Stowell, C. P. Apr 9 2015 In : New England Journal of Medicine. 372, 15, p. 1419-1429 11 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thoracic Surgery
Multiple Organ Failure
Organ Dysfunction Scores
Mortality
Hyperbilirubinemia

MELD-XI score predicts early mortality in patients after heart transplantation

Grimm, J. C., Shah, A. S., Magruder, J. T., Kilic, A., Valero, V., Dungan, S. P., Tedford, R. J., Russell, S. D., Whitman, G. J. R. & Sciortino, C. M. Nov 1 2015 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 100, 5, p. 1737-1743 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

End Stage Liver Disease
International Normalized Ratio
Heart Transplantation
Mortality
Survival

Nadir oxygen delivery on bypass and hypotension increase acute kidney injury risk after cardiac operations

Magruder, J. T., Dungan, S. P., Grimm, J. C., Harness, H. L., Wierschke, C., Castillejo, S., Barodka, V., Katz, N., Shah, A. S. & Whitman, G. J. Nov 1 2015 In : Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 100, 5, p. 1697-1703 7 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Acute Kidney Injury
Hypotension
Oxygen
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Arterial Pressure

Permissive anemia: How low should we go?

Whitman, G. J. R. Nov 1 2015 In : Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 150, 5, p. 1330-1331 2 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Heart Valve Diseases
Patient Discharge
Heart Valves
Anemia

Platelet transfusion: A clinical practice guideline from the AABB

Kaufman, R. M. , Djulbegovic, B. , Gernsheimer, T. , Kleinman, S. , Tinmouth, A. T. , Capocelli, K. E. , Cipolle, M. D. , Cohn, C. S. , Fung, M. K. , Grossman, B. J. , Mintz, P. D. , O'Malley, B. A. , Sesok-Pizzini, D. A. , Shander, A. , Stack, G. E. , Webert, K. E. , Weinstein, R. , Welch, B. G. , Whitman, G. J. , Wong, E. C. & 1 others Tobian, A. A. R. Feb 3 2015 In : Annals of Internal Medicine. 162, 3, p. 205-213 9 p.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Blood Banks
Platelet Transfusion
Practice Guidelines
Platelet Count
Hemorrhage
Postoperative Care
Critical Care
Quality Improvement
Thoracic Surgery
Self-Examination
Postoperative Care
Critical Care
Thoracic Surgery
Rewarming
Information Storage and Retrieval